Varicose Vein Disease
Varicose veins are seen under the skin as blue, enlarged and folded. Although swelling is seen as a result of the expansion of the veins at the beginning, with the increase in varicose findings, large vein packs may occur and even vein cracks can be seen. Although varicose veins often cause visual discomfort in the first years, it can cause pain later on.
If venous insufficiency develops, swelling occurs in the legs. If a clot forms in varicose veins (thrombophlebitis), pain, swelling and redness occur in the legs. Varicose veins are more common in women than men. The incidence increases with advancing age.
What are the Risk Factors in Varicose Formation?
Many factors play a role in the formation mechanism of varicose veins. Varicose veins may occur due to pregnancy, obesity, standing for a long time, certain occupations, being a woman, birth control pills and hormone treatments, wearing tight clothes, constipation, age and genetic factors.
How does varicose occur?
Varicose veins occur as a result of insufficiency of the venous valve. The blood constantly runs back and pools. This leads to increased pressure and swelling in the vein. Over time, the enlargement of the vein increases. Varicose veins can occur at any level of the veins. There may be venous insufficiency in the groin, as well as lower leg insufficiency. Sometimes the cause of varicose may be a clot in a vein. Blood pools behind the clogged vein and the vein expands.
What are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?
Blue purple swellings in the legs Pain Feeling of heaviness in the legs Swelling in the legs Numbness in the legs Itching
What are the Types of Varicose Veins?
heirs; It is divided into three as capillary varices, reticular varices and great vein varices. Capillary varicose veins usually occur as a result of the cracking of these veins. They resemble a spider web in appearance. They are common in young women who are pregnant and using hormones. Reticular varicose veins are slightly raised and blue in color, mostly seen behind the knee and around the ankle. Great vein varicose veins occur as a result of the insufficiency of the great vein called the saphenous vein in the leg. They become quite fluffy and greenish from the skin. They show all the symptoms of varicose veins.
Varicose veins that are only visually disturbing at first; They can cause severe pain in the leg, inflammation of the vein, rupture and bleeding of the varicose, and clot formation in the varicose and throwing a clot into the lungs (pulmonary embolism).
What are the Treatment Methods for Varicose Veins?
First of all, the patient is approached holistically. The standard of living, mobility, type of varicose veins, how the vein system works are looked at. Risk factors are questioned. Then, the most appropriate treatment plan is created for the person. Radiofrequency ablation and variclose bonding can be done without incision. In these procedures, discharge is provided on the same day and there is no need for surgical procedure. Also for superficial capillary varicose veins; It can be applied with foam or as an outpatient treatment in the direct sclerotherapy outpatient clinic. The benefit can be increased by combining the methods according to the diameter and course of the vessel.
With the mini phlebectomy method, varicose veins that become puffy and curly from the skin surface can be surgically removed through tiny skin incisions. Sclerotherapy: Sclerotherapy is the process of injecting a drug with vascular occlusion into a vein with the help of an injector with a fine needle. Thus, the treated thin vein is closed and over time it is absorbed and destroyed by the skin. Varicose veins on the leg become less visible or invisible.
The most suitable veins for sclerotherapy treatment are small varicose veins and capillary varicose veins. Radiofrequency treatment: When radiofrequency waves are applied into the vein, it causes an increase in temperature in the vein. This heat increase causes the inner wall of the vessel to be burned at the same laser energy. This burn, which occurs on the inner surface of the vein, allows the vein to adhere and close, thus allowing the varicose to heal.