Urinary Tract Infection in Children
Urinary tract infections are among the most common diseases in children. Inflammation in the system that removes urine from the body. It is a disease that occurs as a result of the entry of bacteria in the bladder and kidneys. Most of these infections are caused by bacteria called Escherichia Coli (E.Coli).
Girls have a higher risk of urinary tract infections due to their short urethra.
What are the symptoms of urinary tract infections?
Urinary tract infections can progress without any symptoms for children. Even if the child has a urinary tract infection, it may not be noticed by the parents in the early stages. Burning during urination Pain in the lower abdomen Frequent urge to go to the toilet Foul-smelling urine Vomiting Fever The above symptoms should be checked by the parents and if you notice any of these symptoms, a pediatrician should be examined.
How to diagnose urinary tract infection in children?
In children, symptoms are primarily taken by the doctor from the parent or, depending on age, from the patient. Past history is listened and physical examination is done. Urine analysis is requested by the pediatrician. Red blood cells, white blood cells, bacteria, protein and signs of infection are detected in the urine. If necessary, kidney ultrasound is requested. Ultrasonic examination determines the condition of the kidneys and the flow in the blood vessels.
What is the treatment of urinary tract infections in children?
Treatment of urinary tract infection in children is usually resolved with antibiotic support. Depending on the age of the child and the course of the disease, the administration of antibiotic support by syrup, tablet or intravenous route may vary. Depending on the high fever that does not decrease, the height of the infection values and the condition of the patient, it may be necessary to be hospitalized and treated under surveillance. If the home treatment process is deemed appropriate, plenty of rest, extra fluid intake, regular administration of antibiotics on time and in the appropriate measure, and healthy and regular nutrition affect the healing process.
To prevent urinary tract infections, children should be careful about toilet hygiene and drinking plenty of fluids. Toilet hygiene should be done with a movement towards the anus (from front to back), especially in girls. E. Coli is a bacterium that actually resides in the large intestine. Therefore, toilet hygiene is very important. Strict follow-up by parents is required.