Urinary tract infection
What is Urinary Tract Infection?
Urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and multiply. The result is burning, tingling, frequent urination, pain in the groin and lower back. If the infection is not treated promptly, the bacteria can travel to the kidneys and cause a more serious type of infection called pyelonephritis.
What are the Causes of Urinary Tract Infection?
It's easy to get a urinary tract infection. Bacteria living in the vagina, genital and anal areas can enter the urethra, travel to the bladder and cause infection. Anything that brings bacteria into contact with your urethra can cause a urinary tract infection. In the following cases If you have had it before If you have a history of diabetes If you have a history of obesity If you have kidney stones or other obstructions in the urinary tract If you have constipation If you have constipation, you are more likely to get a urinary tract infection.
Are Some People More Likely to Have a Urinary Tract Infection?
It can happen to anyone, but some people are more likely than others. Women get urinary tract infections much more often than men. This may be because women have a shorter urethra, which can make it easier for bacteria to reach the bladder. People with diabetes may have changes in the body's defense system, making it easier to get urinary tract infection. People with urinary tract obstructions, such as kidney stones, are more likely to have urinary tract infections.
An enlarged prostate gland in a man can block the flow of urine and cause a urinary tract infection. People who have had a catheter placed in their bladder for a long time are more prone to urinary tract infections because bacteria on the catheter can infect the bladder.
What are the symptoms of urinary tract infection?
One of the most common symptoms of a urinary tract infection is the frequent and urgent need to urinate. You may feel the need to pee all the time, even if you just went to the toilet. Other symptoms include: Burning in urine Foul-smelling or cloudy urine Blood or pus in the urine Pain, pressure or cramps in the lower abdomen or back, lower back pain If the infection goes to the kidneys, signs of a urinary tract infection may include: Pain in the middle of your back (right or left of the spine) Fever Chills Nausea Vomiting Fatigue, weakness In the presence of any of these symptoms, it is necessary to apply to the hospital. Kidney infections are serious and should be treated immediately. These symptoms do not always cause a urinary tract infection. Sexually transmitted diseases or other infections such as vaginitis can cause painful or frequent urination. Hospital admission is required for diagnosis and treatment.