What is typhoid?
Typhoid is an infection caused by the bacteria S. Typhi. The bacterium lives in the intestines and bloodstream of humans. You can catch typhoid fever from someone who doesn't wash their hands after going to the toilet. When they touch surfaces and objects, they can leave behind bacteria that can be passed on to the next person who touches it. Animals do not carry this disease, transmission is always from person to person. The bacterium enters the mouth and spends 1 to 3 weeks in the gut. It then passes through the intestinal wall and enters the bloodstream. It spreads from the bloodstream to other tissues and organs. The patient's immune system can do little to respond because S. typhi can live within the patient's cells, protected from the immune system.
Typhoid can cause serious problems and be fatal if not treated promptly. Intestinal bleeding or intestinal perforations are among the most serious problems that typhoid can cause. In this case, a hole forms in the small intestine or large intestine. Intestinal contents leak into the stomach and can cause severe stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloodstream infection. This life-threatening complication requires emergency medical care. What Are the Symptoms of Typhoid? Symptoms typically begin 1 to 3 weeks after the bacterium. The main symptoms of typhoid are fever and rash. Typhoid fever is particularly high and gradually increases to 40°C over time. Other symptoms include: Diarrhea Loss of appetite Bloating Nausea Weight loss Abdominal pain Constipation Headache The rash consists of pink spots, especially on the neck and abdomen. Psychiatric problems such as delirium, hallucinations and paranoid psychosis Lying motionless and exhausted with your eyes half closed (tendency to sleep) How is typhoid treated? Once the doctor diagnoses typhoid, he will start antibiotic therapy. A person with typhoid needs to drink enough water to regain the water in their body.
In more severe cases where the bowel is perforated, the person may need surgery. However, as with some other bacterial conditions, there are concerns about the increasing resistance of antibiotics to S. typhi. In the treatment process with the diagnosis of typhoid, one should take antibiotic treatment properly in order to prevent the spread of the disease, keep their hands clean and should not have social contact with other people until they learn that the contagiousness of the disease has passed.