What is Trauma Surgery?
The physical injuries that occur when the body encounters a resistance that the bones, soft tissues and joints cannot withstand during an activity is called trauma. Trauma injuries such as bone fractures, muscle tears and limb rupture are the subjects of the orthopedics department. Injuries resulting from trauma can also cause temporary or permanent loss of work force, psychological and other problems. In order to prevent such situations, the first intervention and treatment after trauma must be done quickly.
What are the symptoms that can be seen in the traumatized area?
Swelling and bruising in the relevant area Tenderness Limitation of movement Numbness and tingling Bleeding due to injury Displaced bone Fast and good results in very common injuries are only possible with modern and effective treatment methods. To briefly mention them; Functional fixation technique: Instead of classical hard and long casting in cases that do not require surgery; It is a new casting technique that is shorter, semi-rigid, allows early weight-bearing and muscle function. The plasters used here; It does not cause itching or allergies, and it also allows you to easily take a bath or even enter the sea-pool.
Bone stimulators: Especially in stress fractures and small bone fractures, the bone healing time is shortened by half with ultrasonic waves. Closed intramedullary nailing techniques: These are the techniques that are applied in most of the long bone fractures (simple-compartmental) and hip fractures in the legs and arms, without opening the fracture line, through incisions of 2-3 cm and shortening the healing time of the fracture. Minor interventional operations performed with arthroscopic assistance: In some of the intra-articular fractures, the fractures are detected without opening the joint; In this way, they are techniques that reduce the possibility of joint stiffness that may occur after surgery, and shorten the time to reach physical therapy and full function. Especially in bone fractures, the material to be used may vary according to the location and shape of the fracture. In fracture surgery, screws, plates, nails made of titanium or steel are generally used, and sometimes prostheses are used.
External fixators can also be used for temporary fixation of the fracture or when external stabilization is more beneficial. The specialist physician uses radiological imaging methods for diagnosis, and after the diagnosis is made, treatment is performed by surgical intervention or stabilization of the trauma area, if necessary.