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Throat Diseases

Dyspnea, Tracheotomy, Tracheostomy Dyspnea can be defined as difficulty breathing. Diseases such as foreign body, trauma, burn, tumor, laryngitis, angioedema, anaphylaxis are seen acutely in individuals who have difficulty in breathing. First of all, it is necessary to facilitate the breathing of the patient and to provide ventilation.

Tracheotomy is the name given to the process of ensuring adequate air intake by opening a hole in the anterior wall of the trachea (between the 2nd and 3rd cartilage rings) in cases where the patient cannot get enough air. In life-threatening situations in the upper respiratory tract, ventilation is provided by this procedure. This procedure can be done under emergency or elective conditions. Elective trecotomy is often performed due to prolonged intubation. Ranula Treatment Ranula is a blue-looking mucocele located in the anterior part of the floor of the mouth. Ranula disease is encountered as a fluid collection or cyst under the tongue on physical examination. It is a condition encountered when the salivary gland ducts are torn or blocked. There are two types of ranula. The formation of the cyst on the floor of the mouth under the tongue is called simple ranula, and the cases where the cyst grows from the bottom of the mouth to the neck are called plunging ranula. Ranula in plunging type is rarely encountered. This disease can also be summarized as a salivary gland disorder. The treatment method varies according to the size of the cyst here. It is carried out as needle aspiration, incision and drainage, marsupialization or surgical removal of the ranula. In needle aspiration, the fluid accumulated in the patient's ranula area is removed. In the incision and drainage, a small incision is made in the area and the cystic tissue is removed.

Marsupialization is the process of leaving the area open by stitching the edges after a small incision in the area. In the surgical operation, the ranula and salivary gland are removed in case the ranula recurs. Tongue tie treatment is a condition in which the tissue that connects the tongue with the floor of the mouth, called the frenulum, is shorter than normal. This disease is a congenital disorder. It affects many conditions such as breastfeeding, speech and dental health. It is detected in the routine examination to be carried out immediately after birth. With the cutting of the tongue tie, tongue movements are released. Speech and swallowing functions improve. Tongue incision repair It is usually cut between the tongue and teeth due to a fall in childhood. The incision is sutured under anesthesia. Snoring and Apnea Treatment When breathing during sleep, when the soft tissues are loose in the areas where the airway is narrow, the mucous surfaces on each other make a sound by rubbing against each other. This condition is known as snoring. The state of respiratory arrest exceeding 10 seconds during sleep is also called sleep apnea. In our hospital, primarily upper respiratory tract examination and physical examination are performed for diseases such as snoring and sleep apnea. Examinations such as MRI and computed tomography are used in the diagnosis and diagnosis of anatomical disorders that cause sleep apnea. Tests such as sleep analysis and sleep endoscopy may also be required. Treatment is planned after the diagnosis of the disease. Medication, treatment with a positive air pressure CPAP device, and surgical operations are carried out by successful and expert physicians in our hospital. Tonsils and Adenoid Diseases Infection and inflammation of the pharynx (pharynx), tonsils and adenoids are among the diseases frequently encountered in childhood. The pharynx is defined as a region located behind the oral cavity and behind the soft palate. Infectious diseases seen in this region are considered as throat infections. Pharyngeal inflammation is an inflammatory disease usually seen in the pharynx.

Tonsillitis is a bacterial disease usually caused by group A streptococci. There are symptoms such as earache, dry throat, fever, difficulty in swallowing and/or pain when swallowing, headache, swelling in the lymph nodes. The treatment of this disease is usually treated by prescribing antibiotics containing drugs. In some cases, surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) can be performed. The adenoid is called the adenoid, the region located on the ceiling of the nasal region behind the nose. In some cases, if the adenoid enlarges and causes nasal congestion, it causes problems such as snoring or stopping breathing for more than 10 seconds during sleep (sleep apnea). Adenoid surgery is performed with a surgical operation called adenoidectomy. Today, even for children under the age of 3, this procedure is performed successfully and safely.

Vocal cord disorders (polyps and nodules) As a disease that occurs as unilateral vocal cord swellings, polyps are seen in the vocal cords. The polyps seen in these vocal cords are a stalk or broad-based piece of flesh. Nodules are smaller pieces of flesh that appear in a fixed location than polyps. The treatment process is carried out with drug treatments and surgical operation. A very simple surgical operation is performed to remove the parts of this vocal cord. The procedure, which takes about an hour, is performed under general anesthesia and the patient is discharged on the same day. Voice and speech disorders Abnormalities in the pitch or resonance of the voice are called voice disorders. Any voice change and abnormality that occurs outside of normal is a voice disorder. Even minor problems that appear on the vocal cords can cause voice disorders. Adolescent boys' voices become thicker over time. In some adolescent boys, this thickening does not occur, and the voice becomes thinner. This is called mutational falsetto. Conversional aphonia is a condition in which the vocal cords do not vibrate, although it is not a neurological problem.

Spasmodicdysphonia is a voice disorder caused by a neurological problem. The treatment of voice disorders, which can be seen in different types, is carried out successfully in our hospital. Speech disorders are classified into three main groups as articulation disorders, stuttering and motor speech disorders. Speech disorders due to cleft lip and palate, speech disorders due to hearing loss, motor speech disorders, stuttering are types of problem speech disorders.


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