Spot Treatment (Melasma Application)
Skin spots, acne scars and sunspots that come with aging can lead to undesirable appearances on the skin by disrupting the inequality in skin tone. Melasma is the formation of black or brown spots on the skin.
Sunspots (melasma) type spots are brown formations that are not congenital, usually seen on the face. It is more common in women than men. Sunspots on the face are generally observed in areas exposed to the sun such as the upper lip, cheeks and forehead. Rarely, it can occur on the chin and forearms.
What Are the Symptoms of Melasma?
Melasma causes light brown, dark brown and bluish or freckle-like patches on your skin. Sometimes the spots can become red or inflamed. Melasma can appear on these areas of your skin:
On shoulders and upper arms
On the forehead, cheeks, nose and upper lip
Symmetrically on both cheeks
On the jawline and neck
Causes of Formation of Melasma;
Sun (ultraviolet) rays
Use of birth control pills
Chemical cosmetic products (Some make-up materials, cologne, perfumes, soap and moisturizers)
Irritant hair removal procedures
Some herbal teas (eg St. John's Wort) are known to increase melasma formation by causing an increase in melanin production.
What Are the Types of Melasma?
According to the depth of pigmentation in the skin, there are three types of melasma:
Epidermal: Epidermal melasma has a dark brown color. It is the most comfortable type during examination and gives good results in treatment.
Dermal: Dermal melasma has a light brown or bluish color with a fuzzy border. Diagnosis and treatment are more difficult.
Mixed melasma: This is the common type of melasma. It is characterized by both bluish and brown spots and the treatment success rate is high.
Deeply located ones respond more difficult to treatment, while superficial ones respond better to treatment.
What are Melasma Treatment Applications?
Treatment of melasma is determined according to the type and intensity of the disease after a comprehensive examination. The areas where melasma is concentrated and the patient's preference also affect the treatment method to be applied.
Tattoos, sunspots, age spots, freckles and all spots can be treated with the Q-Switch laser method in our hospital. With this technique, the laser light sent to your skin works only on the problem area and you can treat your spots without damaging the surrounding tissues.