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Sports Injuries

Sports is an effort that increases the body's organic resistance, improves the physiological capacity of the systems, preserves and maintains this capacity. However, not making enough preparation before starting sports also brings injuries. Among the regions exposed to sports trauma, the knee joint ranks first with 32.9%. After the knee joint, the most injury during sports; It is seen in the ankle, hip and groin area, shoulder joint, foot-thigh region, spine, elbow joint, wrist and hand. Sports injuries occur when a part of the body or the whole of the body encounters a force greater than normal, and when endurance limits are exceeded. Common conditions are as follows: Muscle, ligament, tendon tears Head trauma Tennis/golfer elbow Baseball finger Joint dislocations Tendinitis Sprains

What are the Diagnostic Methods in Sports Injuries?

For a diagnosis of sports or other musculoskeletal injury, the doctor will ask when and how the injury occurred and what activities the person has been doing recently or in their daily routine. Diagnostic methods include X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), arthroscopy (viewing the joint with a small microscope inserted into it), electromyography (recording of electrical currents created by a moving muscle).

How Does the Treatment Process Proceed in Sports Injuries?

Immediate actions for almost all sports injuries include rest, ice, compression, and elevation. The injured area is immediately rested to minimize internal bleeding and swelling and prevent worsening of the condition. Ice causes the vessels to constrict, helping to limit inflammation and reduce pain. Covering the injured area with tape or an elastic bandage (compression) and elevating the injured area above the level of the heart (elevation) will help limit swelling. Conservative or surgical treatment is applied according to the treatment damage, the location and severity of the injury in sports. It is the cold treatment that should be applied in the first intervention. The aim of cold treatment is to prevent swelling, to keep internal bleeding and inflammation (pain) under control. Physiotheraphy; During the whole process, people can return to their daily life activities more easily and quickly after injury with electrotherapy, hot-cold application, and appropriate exercise selection accompanied by a physiotherapist. Conservative treatment; The extremity is rested with a bandage, splint, circular cast, orthosis. Pain relievers and edema relievers are given. Surgical treatment; Some sports accidents are treated surgically. Meniscus injuries, cruciate ligament ruptures, cartilage lesions). Arthroscopic surgery of the region requiring surgical intervention is frequently used in the treatment of intra-articular injuries, especially the knee joint, hip, ankle, elbow, wrist joints and shoulder joint in sports. Despite all these accident risks and against the consequences, it should be known that; We should not give up on sports and movement in our lives. Taking precautions against accident risks and doing sports consciously reduces the rate of injury. The points to be considered in order to prevent injuries in sports are as follows; The sport should be suitable for the climatic conditions. Health check-ups are essential before starting sports. In fact, enough warm-up movements should be done before the sport and stretching and stretching movements should be done. It is one of the most important factors of doing sports on a smooth ground.


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