Sexual dysfunctions can include problems such as sexual aversion, orgasm problems, arousal problems or sexual pain for women. Sexual dysfunction in women in this way can lead to a decrease in the quality of life and affect family life. Vaginismus One of the most common diseases that cause sexual pain is vaginismus. Vaginismus is a condition that causes involuntary contraction of the vagina during intercourse and causes pain (dyspareunia) during this time. The spasm in the vagina closes the vaginal entrance, preventing sexual intercourse or causing painful sexual intercourse.
The disease is sometimes affected by physical and sometimes psychological factors. Fear of experiencing pain, traumas, excessive excitement, and lack of sexual knowledge may also be the underlying causes of this contraction. Sometimes, apart from painful sexual intercourse vaginismus, ovarian cyst, Vulvodynia/Vestibulodynia, bladder infections, vaginal sagging or dryness etc. may be caused by diseases. An involuntary contraction is experienced and its treatment may vary for each woman. The specialist doctor makes a definitive diagnosis of the disease with physical examination and preliminary examinations, and carries out a treatment process in patient-doctor communication according to the patient's condition and the severity of the disease. Vaginismus is noticed when the patient has sexual intercourse for the first time. Another recognition occurs during the pelvic examination. In the development of vaginismus, the woman's coldness from sexual intercourse, her withdrawal or avoidance of pelvic examination is in question. Today, most women have low awareness of this issue. Another reason is the patient's hesitation in seeking a solution to the disease.
During vaginal penetration, a specialist doctor examination is required in cases such as not being able to have sexual intercourse or having painful intercourse. The focus of vaginismus treatments is to weaken the contractions of the vagina. The treatment process is carried out with methods such as medical treatment, pelvic floor rehabilitation, cognitive behavioral therapy and sexual therapy. Psychological problems lie on the basis of vaginismus cases. In this respect, it is important to receive psychological support. In our hospital, sexual therapy carries out the psychological and physiological treatment process for sexual dysfunctions in coordination. Likewise, sexual physical therapy rehabilitation treatments, Kegel exercises, breathing exercises, relaxation exercises are applied as alternatives in treatment methods.