The term regional anesthesia describes the application of regional anesthesia. There is no loss of consciousness of the patient, only a state of numbness is created in the targeted area. It blocks conduction in the spinal cord or peripheral nerves. Shoulder-hand-arm region surgery, inguinal hernia, hip knee prosthesis, normal or cesarean delivery, anal region or urinary bladder surgeries can be performed under regional anesthesia. The so-called day-long hospitalizations and the procedures in which the patient can be discharged immediately can also be performed under regional anesthesia. It is applied using different doses of drugs that vary from patient to patient.
Physician evaluation is important in determining this. Anesthesia is administered by taking into account important factors such as the tests performed before anesthesia, the patient's health status, height, age and weight. The difference between regional anesthesia and general anesthesia is; The patient, who is given general anesthesia, is immediately put to sleep during the operation. However, in regional anesthesia, the patient is awake and conscious at the time of the operation, but does not feel any pain, and sedation can be done as needed. Advantages of Regional Anesthesia Application He/she is conscious and can express his/her complaints. It is applied only to the area to be operated. It does not feel pain during the procedure.
The cough and swallowing reflex do not disappear. The interventional stress response is reduced. Provides early nutrition. The patient is mobilized in a short time. Disadvantages of Regional Anesthesia Application The patient may not want it. The duration of effect may be shorter than the duration of the intervention. There may be insufficient analgesia. The most frequently applied regional anesthesia methods in the clinic; spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, regional nerve blocks and spinoepidural (combined) anesthesia.