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Orthopedic Rehabilitation

What is Fracture Rehabilitation?

Fracture problems fall within the domain of orthopedic specialists. However, after the surgical operation, physical therapy is applied as supportive in regaining the old strength due to muscle and weakening and pain. In fracture rehabilitation, cold application is applied between 48-72 hours after the operation. Ice massage is applied every two to three hours in the interval of 5-10 minutes. Electrotherapy is performed by giving TENS and other low-frequency currents. Ultrasound therapy is effective in fracture healing.

Whirlpool application has an important place in fracture rehabilitation. In addition to these rehabilitation applications, medications can be prescribed to reduce edema and pain. In cases where no operation is performed, the physical therapy program to be applied by the physiotherapist is also important in the treatment of fractures performed with plaster and splint applications. What is Ligament? Ligaments, in other words, ligaments are bands of tissue that help connect bones, joints, and organs. There are more than 900 ligaments in the human body, most of which are located in the legs and arms. Injuries to these ligaments have symptoms such as swelling, pain, bruising, and joint weakness. Treatment stages continue in the form of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), RICE method, physical therapy methods and, at the last stage, surgical operation. During the physical therapy process, stretching and flexibility exercises, strengthening exercises, RICE method (resting, ice, pressure and elevation), ultrasound and heat therapy to increase blood circulation, whirpool therapy are successfully carried out in our hospital to eliminate pain in the tendon and regain the strength of the tendon.

What is a Tendon Tear?

The ligaments that connect the muscle to the skeleton in the body are called tendons. Muscle and joint movement is provided through these tendons. It is more common in the leg region and hind leg muscles. In case of rupture and rupture of these tendons, surgical operation is required. In addition to treatment methods, rehabilitation is recommended in some cases. With the RICE method (rest, icing, compression and elevation), edema and pain are reduced. The treatment process is carried out in combination with rehabilitation exercises with methods such as electrotherapy and TENS.

What are Anteroposterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries?

The knee joint is very important in the movement mechanism in the human body. For this reason, injuries, tears and ruptures in the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments cause problems in the protection of the knee joint. Tears in the anterior cruciate ligament usually occur due to strain. As a result of sudden rotation, a sudden movement, injuries and tears in the anterior cruciate ligaments are likely to occur. This is very common in athletes. Severe pain occurs as a result of rupture of anterior cruciate ligaments. With anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery, the patient is likely to regain his former health. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are usually observed together with inner side, outer side, anterior cruciate ligament injuries or meniscus problems. Surgical operation is required in cruciate ligaments or multiple ligament injuries. Physical therapy and rehabilitation are recommended after surgery or in cases where surgery is not required. Physical therapy applications such as hot-cold application, treatment with RICE method, reduction of inflammation, pain and edema with drug therapy, electrotherapy are carried out successfully in our hospital.

What are Meniscus Problems?

The meniscus is strengthened by the articular ligaments and the meniscus, a cartilage structure, to align the knee joint. It is positioned inside and outside the knee. It manifests itself with symptoms such as tear, pain, swelling, inability to move, and locking that may occur in the meniscus. Sudden movements such as a sudden rotation, a sudden movement, kneeling, or heavy lifting can cause meniscus tears.

Tears that may occur in the meniscus are handled separately as vertical, oblique, horizontal and complex tears. Athlete traumas are generally acute tears. Surgery may not be required for every tear. Depending on the course and condition of the disease, the healing process is followed by arthroscopic surgery, drug therapy or just physical therapy. Physical therapy methods for the meniscus are supported by electrotherapy, hot-cold applications and exercises.

What are Muscle Tears?

Muscles are made up of fibers. As a result of excessive strain on the muscles, these fibers may rupture and tear. Any sudden movement, athlete's traumas, etc. In some cases, muscle rupture may occur. As a result of muscle rupture, pain, tenderness, swelling and a change in color can be seen in that area. Three different degrees of muscle rupture are considered. In first-degree muscle tears, there are tension-based tears in more than one muscle fiber. Mild pain and swelling may occur. Second-degree muscle tear is more than first-degree muscle tear.

It manifests itself with moderate pain. Third-degree muscle tears are tears that cause the muscle to rupture completely. Physical examination is performed by physical therapy or orthopedic specialists. Muscle movements are examined. If necessary, he checks the muscle structure with examinations such as MRI and X-ray. After the necessary examinations are made, the treatment process is started according to the course and severity of the disease. The treatment process is mostly carried out with exercise, physical therapy and rehabilitation applications specific to muscle tears for first and second degree tears. Third-degree muscle ruptures may require surgery.


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