Orthodontic Dental Treatment
What is Orthodontic Dental Treatment?
Orthodontics; It is the specialty of the dentistry branch that diagnoses the compatibility of incompatible and crooked teeth, tries to prevent this situation and treats it. Orthodontics is the science that examines the crookedness of the teeth, the relationship of the jawbones with each other and the skull bones, and diagnoses the existing problems related to them. Orthodontic treatment is a way of treating the disorders in this system.
Why Orthodontic Problems Occur and How Are They Treated?
If the patient has a lagging lower-upper jaw structure in adolescence, it can be treated with orthodontic techniques. If the patient is an adult, it is performed in cooperation with orthodontics and surgery. Depending on functional disorders, for example; Jaw mismatch can be observed in cases such as mouth breathing. Situations that should not be done and habits such as using bottles and pacifiers for a long time, thumb sucking, nail biting can cause orthodontic disorders. These habits should be treated as early as possible. The prevention of these habits at an early age is important for the completion of skeletal development. Conditions such as the tongue being structurally larger than necessary and the presence of extracted tooth cavities also cause tooth spacing. If the jaw structure to which the teeth are attached is small and the teeth are large; teeth do not fit in the jaw and crowding occurs. Early or late loss of primary teeth can also cause crooked teeth. Instead of the milk teeth that fall out of the mouth prematurely, the permanent tooth in the mouth slides into this space. As the teeth that need to come out cannot find a place for themselves, crowding occurs.
How Much Orthodontic Treatment Is Necessary?
Orthodontic treatment not only carries aesthetic concerns, but also aims to prevent gum diseases that may be encountered in the future, to prevent problems in the jaw joint, to provide chewing functionality and to eliminate this problem of individuals with speech disorders. According to the existing orthodontic problem in the mouth, treatment methods can be determined with removable appliances, functional appliances and fixed appliances. Simple orthodontic problems that are not in advanced stages can be solved with rubber removable appliances that the patient can use by putting on and taking off. It is of great importance that the reinforcement treatments are not neglected in order to prevent the reversal and deterioration of the treatments performed after the termination of the primary orthodontic treatments. Different appliances that work passively can be used for this period. The branch of orthodontics works in continuous cooperation with other sub-branches of dentistry.
What are the Tools Used in Orthodontic Treatment?
There are many fixed or removable orthodontic treatment devices and methods in order to arrange the teeth in their ideal position, to regulate the relationship between the jaws, and to adapt the surrounding tissues and muscles to this new hard tissue structure. These devices work by applying light pressure to the teeth and jaw. Tools used; Transparent aligners Movable Orthodontic instruments Fixed Orthodontic instruments They are screwed instruments.
Who is Orthodontic Dental Treatment Applied to?
Braces treatment is a treatment method applied to patients of all ages. It can be applied to patients of all ages, regardless of women, men, young, old or children. For children, braces are applied to children who have lost their milk teeth and whose permanent teeth have completely erupted.