Nutrition in Chronic Diseases
Nutrition is very important in chronic diseases. Due to nutritional mistakes made, it prepares the ground for many diseases (such as cardiovascular, diabetes, obesity, blood pressure). While preparing the nutrition program, other health conditions in the body should be taken into consideration as well as chronic and metabolic diseases. The aim is to support the patient's medical treatment process, to ensure that the nutrients he/she needs are fully received and to increase the patient's quality of life. Nutrition in cardiovascular diseases; The percentage of calories from saturated fats should be reduced. Reduce the percentage of calories from trans fat.
Opt for low-fat dairy products instead of high-fat milk and dairy products. We should pay attention to a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables. Diabetes and nutrition Sugar and all sugary sweets should be avoided. Pastries (bagel, pastry, white bread), acidic beverages should be avoided. Solid fats and foods with high fat content should be avoided. We can increase the fiber content by consuming the fruits that can be eaten with the peel without peeling the skin. Instead of white bread, we can prefer whole grain products and bulgur pilaf instead of rice pilaf. Nutrition in hypertension The amount of saturated fat should be reduced. Olives, pickles, canned foods, salty cheeses, salami, sausages, sausages, pastrami and chips containing too much salt should not be consumed. Daily salt consumption should be limited. Processed products should be avoided. Nutrition in cancer treatment A healthy diet is one of the protective factors against cancer. Nutrition program should be prepared according to the treatment received in cancer patients.. Cancer patients often experience excess weight loss, so enteral products can be supported in addition to nutrition. Offal and delicatessen products should be avoided. When consuming meat products, care should be taken that they are well cooked. Packaged products and canned products should be avoided. Pomegranate, kiwi, grapefruit, blackberry and food containing them should not be consumed, as there may be interactions with drugs. Nutrition in kidney diseases Proper nutrition in kidney diseases can increase the quality of life of the patient. For this, it is very important to follow regular exercise programs, to have an ideal weight, to progress with the right diet program, to reduce salt, to quit smoking and alcohol, in addition to medication and dialysis treatments. We should be careful about salt consumption. Pay attention to healthy cooking methods when cooking vegetables. Do not skip meals and try to eat less often. We should pay attention to the daily protein intake. Obesity and nutrition Obesity is an increasing health problem in our society. Food consumption above normal food intake is the main Cause of obesity.
To prevent obesity; We should not consume food fast. We have to swallow it after chewing it well in our mouth. Meals should not be skipped. We should eat healthy food less often. While eating, television, phone, tablet should not be turned on. You should not wake up at night and eat. We should take care to consume 3-4 portions of fruit and vegetables a day. We should consume an average of 8-10 glasses of water during the day. We should cook our meals with healthy cooking methods.