Neurology is a branch of science dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases originating from the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles originating from the spinal cord. The nervous system is a system that takes the lead in the administration of the body and is very complex with its structure and functioning. The examination of this system is the elucidation of its functions. Diseases involving the brain, spinal cord and surrounding nerves (tumor, inflammation, accidents, etc.) are generally the same thing.
However, the shape and width of the malfunction in the body changes according to the function of these structures. It is a decrease in strength and feeling in the area where that nerve goes, which is seen in the disorders of the surrounding nerves. Sweating and blood supply in these regions are also disrupted by the nervous effect.
The reason for this is that the vegetative nervous system fibers are also carried in the surrounding nerves. The spinal cord is a main pathway that carries sensation from the organs to the brain, and motor (movement-related) stimuli from the brain to the surroundings. In the discomfort of this place, loss of strength, loss of sensation and inability to perform vegetative functions occur. In addition, the person with spinal cord injury loses control of urine and stool.
Diseases of the brain can be general or local. This tumor or trauma (injury, injury) will cause various symptoms with a local effect, while brain inflammation (encephalitis) or poisoning will cause symptoms that affect the whole body. The nervous system is divided into peripheral and central. The neural networks originating from the brain and spinal cord and extending to the farthest points of the body form the peripheral nervous system. Neurons, which form the smallest unit of both the central and peripheral nervous systems, have different shapes and functions depending on the region they are located in. Any physical or functional disorder that occurs in neurons located in any part of the body falls under the field of neurology.
Neurology is a clinical medical branch that deals with all kinds of health problems involving all structures and organs that make up the nervous system. Therefore, he has a very wide area of expertise. For this reason, it is divided into some subgroups within itself. In this way, it allows diagnosis and treatment processes to be carried out by specialist doctors who have experience in more specific subjects.