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Nail Diseases

What Are Nail Fungal Infections?

Nail fungal diseases are also known as onychomycosis with its medical name. It is a fungal infection that can appear as a white or yellow spot on the toenails and fingernails. It is a disease caused by a type of fungus called dermatophyte. These fungi, called dermatophytes, are mold and yeast fungi of the Candida species. It can cause shape changes, thickening and odor in the nail. It can also spread from a single nail to other toenails. Nail fungus can occur at any age.

Diabetes can cause a fungal infection. People with diabetes may have reduced blood circulation. For this reason, it is an expected situation to see infectious skin diseases. In this case, symptoms such as bleeding, swelling and pain around the nail, and difficulty in walking can be seen.

How Are Nail Fungal Infections Treated?

For the treatment of the disease, the dermatologist must first diagnose the nail fungus with a physical examination. After the necessary examinations, it carries out the treatment process of the disease by applying topical and / or oral treatment methods. Anti-fungal creams, nail softener creams and oral medications may be prescribed. Laser treatment methods are also successfully performed in our hospital, accompanied by the recommendations of the doctor.

Nail Breakage can occur due to many reasons such as vascular diseases, anemia, vitamin deficiencies, thyroid diseases, cancer drugs, infections, frequent use of chemicals in nails. The main cause of nail breakage is diagnosed by performing the necessary blood tests by the dermatologist. In this direction, oral vitamin supplements or injections, additional nail strengthening vitamins can be prescribed. Thyroid, vein etc. In cases of nail breakage caused by diseases, the patient is directed to the relevant doctor for the treatment of the disease that causes it. Nail Inflammation This disease, also known as nail entanglement, is a disease caused by bacteria called streptococci and/or staphylococci. As a result of inflammation of the cuticles around the nail, conditions such as redness, swelling and abscess may occur.

In these cases, necessary tests and physical examinations are made and the treatment process is carried out with antibiotic ointments and oral antibiotic drugs. Ingrown Toenail Ingrown toenail occurs as a result of the nail growing towards the cuticle. There may be redness, pain, swelling and even infection. In these cases, the treatment process is carried out according to the course of the disease. More serious complications can be prevented by methods such as removing a part of the nail, removing the entire nail or removing the tissue.


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