Myocardial diseases are another disease that our hospital's cardiology outpatient clinic deals with. Myocardium means heart muscle.
What are Myocardial Diseases?
Myocarditis, which is the inflammation of the heart muscle, and cardiomyopathy, which means the involvement of the heart muscle, are diseases that can prevent the functions of the heart. Myocarditis is caused by inflammation of the heart muscle, which makes up a large part of the heart. The heart muscle can be inflamed by viruses, bacteria, fungi and pharmacological factors. As a result of inflammation, cardiac muscle cells deteriorate. Drug use, unprotected sexual intercourse and carelessness about hygiene cause viral infections and lead to myocardial diseases. Depending on the extent of the damage to the muscle, myocarditis can lead to more serious diseases, the possibility of clots and heart attack. Also known as cardiomyopathy muscle involvement, this disease is caused by dehydration, muscle fatigue or electrolytes. Immune disorders and hereditary transmissions can cause cardiomyopathy. The course and symptoms of the disease may vary from person to person. What are the Symptoms of Myocardial Diseases? Symptoms in asymptomatic myocardial diseases are respiratory problems, chest pain, increased heart rate, weakness, fever, sore throat, weakness, edema and joint pain. While not every symptom may be seen in every patient, it may occur in different courses and rates in patients with symptoms. As a symptomatic disease, cardiomyopathy symptoms may vary according to the patients and may present as cramps, paralysis, pain, muscle weakness and fatigue, regional stiffness and speech disorder.
Diagnosis of Myocardial Diseases For the diagnosis of myocarditis, radiological tests such as perfusion scintigraphy, Holter ECG, ECHO, chest x-ray and MR, and laboratory tests related to inflammation are used, and as a result of these tests, catheterization and biopsy can be performed if necessary. The diagnosis of cardiomyopathy is made as a result of ECG, Holter ECG, ECO, MRI, chest X-ray and, if necessary, biological tests and biopsy. Treatment of Myocardial Diseases The treatment applied after the diagnosis of myocarditis varies from individual to individual, depending on the course of the inflammation. Medication is started for the reduction of inflammation and edema caused by inflammation.
If the disease progresses slowly, ventricular support and aortic pump applications can be performed. Patients with myocarditis causing heart failure may require a heart transplant. Cardiomyopathy treatment, similar to myocarditis treatment, varies according to the patient. Physiotherapy can be applied to the patient who has undergone blood exchange, drug therapy and, where necessary, surgery. The aim of the treatment is to reduce the patient's muscle fatigue and to ensure that the heart works comfortably. Our cardiologist will help you by diagnosing the disease with diagnostic methods and by contacting the infectious diseases unit and planning the best treatment method for you.