What is gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia is an overdeveloped or enlarged breast condition that can be seen in men at any age. The cause of gynocomastia can be a result of hormonal changes, heredity, obesity, or the use of certain medications. If the part of the breast tissue that is specialized for milk production develops in the male physiology, this situation can cause emotional discomfort in men and can also impair self-confidence.
Who Occurs Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia can develop at any age; however, it is more common in infancy, adolescence and older men. Although it does not cause a clinical condition that requires medical treatment, it may negatively affect the psychological and social quality of life by causing an undesirable appearance in patients. For this reason, various medical treatments and surgical methods have been developed for the relief of gynecomastia.
What are the Causes of Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia usually occurs as a result of hormonal imbalance. Gynecomastia is seen in men when testosterone hormone decreases and estrogen hormone increases too much. Drugs used other than hormonal imbalances, herbal products or various diseases may cause gynecomastia. Some corticosteroids, antibiotics, hormone treatments, heart disease drugs, HIV treatment drugs, antidepressants, ulcer drugs or psychiatric drugs containing amphetamines, alcohol consumption, use of protein powders may cause gynecomastia as a side effect.
Jinekomastinin Belirtileri Nelerdir?
Tenderness in the breasts Pain and soreness in the breasts Discharge from one or both nipples Difference in size between the two breasts Sensation of a lump under the nipple.
What is False Gynecomastia?
In the case of false gynecomastia, there is only excessive accumulation of adipose tissue in the breast and is usually seen in obese people. These people also have localized fat accumulation in other parts of the body. In true gynecomastia cases, an increase in the mammary glands is also observed. In true gynecomastia cases, the enlarged mammary glands feel like a rubbery mass in the breast area. In cases of false gynecomastia, the mass is felt as a more homogeneous, widespread and soft tissue. In breast ultrasonography, only an increase in adipose tissue is detected. In the treatment of false gynecomastia, an effective method to a certain extent is "liposuction", that is, the method of pulling fat with the help of a cannula.
How is Surgical Treatment Performed in Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia surgery reduces breast size in men, flattens and beautifies the chest lines. In cases of high-grade gynecomastia, the weight of excess breast tissue can be surgically healed and excess skin reduced in case of sagging breasts. Plastic surgery to correct gynecomastia is technically called reduction mammoplasty.
Who Can Have Gynecomastia Surgery?
Men whose condition cannot be improved with alternative medical treatments. Healthy individuals without medical conditions that may impair recovery. Men with a positive outlook and specific goals for improving the physical symptoms of gynecomastia Men who are physically healthy and of relatively normal weight. Men with realistic expectations Men who are uncomfortable with the feeling that their breasts are too big