As another disease that our hospital's cardiology outpatient clinic deals with, heart failure impairs the functions of the heart and affects the life of the individual.
What is Heart Failure?
As a result of some situations, heart failure occurs because the heart cannot pump enough blood and gets tired more than normal. As a result of this deterioration, fluid can accumulate in the lungs. The heart may begin to enlarge and enlarge to correct this deteriorating condition. Permanent damage to tissues and organs may occur due to the problem in the way the heart works. Heart failure can also be a chronic disease and accounts for the majority of heart failure patients. Although heart failure, which is a serious type of disease, is more common in men, the death rate may be higher in women.
Symptoms of Heart Failure Symptoms of heart failure become more severe as the disease progresses. It is very important to notice these symptoms and treat them before they progress too much. Common symptoms of heart failure can be listed as follows: Shortness of breath Fatigue, early fatigue Loss of appetite Nausea Edema Dizziness Palpitation Cough and pink or white sputum Frequent urination at night Constant sleepiness.
What are the Causes of Heart Failure?
Insufficient blood pumping can be caused by weakness in the heart muscle or the inability of the heart muscle to relax normally. The major sources of heart failure are hypertension and diabetes. Some heart and heart valve diseases can also cause this condition. Heart failure occurs when the heart is weakened or damaged due to diseases.
Genetic factors and coronary artery also have an important place in the emergence of the disease, if you have this disease in your family, you have a high risk of having it as well. Diagnosis of Heart Failure The patient should consult a doctor as a result of the symptoms and a physical examination is performed after listening to the patient's complaints. Diagnosis can be made using technological methods such as electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography (ECHO), heart radiography, scintigraphy, angiography, heart MRI and holter. As a result of these tests, it is evaluated whether the symptoms are due to heart failure. Treatment should be started as soon as the diagnosis is made. Heart Failure Treatment As the beginning of the treatment, it is aimed to stop the tissue damage and to eliminate the negative symptoms in the daily life of the patient. The patient should pay attention to salt and fluid consumption, regulate his diet and lifestyle. In heart failure, a treatment method is applied depending on the stage of the disease. Patients who are considered suitable for drug treatment may have to use more than one drug. Medicines must be used in the correct dosage. If it is due to rhythm or valve problems and causes vascular occlusion, these diseases are primarily treated with surgical methods such as angiography, stent, heart valve operation and bypass.
When necessary, batteries that correct the rhythm problem or that are effective in the more effective functioning of the heart can be inserted. In the last stage, heart transplantation is applied. When necessary, our cardiologist will cooperate with other units related to the disease and will determine the most appropriate treatment method for you after the correct diagnosis.