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Gastric Bypass

What is Gastric Bypass?

The most preferred bariatric surgery worldwide is sleeve gastrectomy surgery. If weight loss fails due to failure or various reasons after sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass surgery is performed as an alternative surgery. The process can be summarized as creating a small pouch from the stomach and connecting the newly formed pouch directly to the small intestine. The procedure is a surgical operation performed to solve weight problems by performing a number of operations on the stomach and small intestine to get rid of excess weight. After the operation, the stomach is almost non-existent. The procedure is done under general anesthesia. The patient is discharged after an average of 3 days of hospitalization. It can be done open surgery and laparoscopically.

The patient is likely to lose half of his pre-operative weight within about two years after the operation. After the operation, with weight loss, health problems related to excess weight may improve. It is appropriate to start the pregnancy process for patients who want to become pregnant after two years. 

What are Gastric Bypass Complications? 

After gastric bypass, since the patient's stomach is very small, a feeling of fullness will come when he eats very little food. In this respect, vitamin supplements may be given by the doctor, since adequate amounts of vitamins cannot be taken. As in every operation, some complications are seen in gastric bypass procedure. There is a risk of infection.

There is a risk of leakage and leakage from staples and/or sutures placed in the stomach and small intestine. In some patients, nausea, cramps, etc. After the complaints are seen, the situation of not being able to eat is seen. There is a risk of dumping syndrome (foods go down quickly to the 12-finger intestine). There is a risk that the operation will not be effective in the success of weight loss, that is, there is a risk of not benefiting from the operation (the stomach expands again due to the lack of regulation of eating habits).There is a risk of low blood sugar after surgery. Since it is a surgical operation and it is not reversible, the operation must be carried out with a definite decision and clarity by the doctor and the patient.

What are the Points to Consider After Gastric Bypass?

After the operation, it is necessary to review the nutritional habits in the presence of a dietitian, to prepare personalized diet programs and to proceed in accordance with this program. After the procedure, within 1-2 weeks, the standard diet program is gradually started in the form of liquid, puree, liquid-solid, normal nutrition. Postoperative nutritional habits, regulating lifestyle, supporting a healthy diet, taking additional vitamin supplements and going to regular check-ups are very important in obesity surgery. After the operation, it is recommended to avoid heavy lifting, forceful movements, and sitting or staying still for a long time during the period recommended by the doctor.


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