What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease characterized by the musculoskeletal system. It is also called soft tissue rheumatism. Although it can be seen in all age groups, it is seven times more likely to occur in women than in men. The cause is not known for certain. It is affected by hereditary and genetic factors in connection with infection, trauma and stress.
Fibromyalgia syndrome is observed in those who have experienced severe physical and emotional trauma. Physical examination of some tender points may be required for fibromyalgia. These are: the back of the head, the upper parts of the shoulders, the upper chest, outer elbows, hips, knees can be controlled with pressure at some points.
What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?
Attention disorders such as fatigue, sleep, inability to concentrate, memory problems, mood problems such as burnout, frustration, anxiety, pain in the shoulder and back region, pain in sleep, intestinal disorders, irritable bowel problems (causing stomach pain and bloating), migraine There are symptoms such as headache, pain and stiffness in the whole body, widespread muscle pain. Therefore, the symptoms of fibromyalgia are similar to those of autoimmune disorders.
What are fibromyalgia risk factors?
Nutritional disorders, being a woman (it is seven times more common in women than men), stress, physical and emotional traumas (Post Traumatic Stress Disorders), viral infections, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, calcification, diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, obesity, sleep patterns disorders, irritable bowel and leg syndromes are among the risk factors. Children can also have fibromyalgia. However, middle age is seen as a risk factor in the age factor. Along with the age factor, personality structure is also effective. Sensitive, perfectionist people are more likely to have fibromyalgia.
What are the fibromyalgia treatment methods?
For fibromyalgia, the patient's history is first listened to. After a physical examination, the diagnosis of the disease is made as a result of tests such as x-rays and, if necessary, blood tests. There is no definitive cure for fibromyalgia. The patient is followed up by making changes in diet and lifestyle together with drug therapy (painkillers, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors). Psychological support and cognitive behavioral therapies are alternative treatment methods.
Stress management methods such as meditation, yoga and massage and stress reducing exercises are among rehabilitation methods. At the same time, it is possible to do electrotherapy, TENS, hot-cold applications, exercises to reduce regional pain.