What is Exam Anxiety?
Exam anxiety; It is defined as intense anxiety that prevents the knowledge learned beforehand from being used effectively during the exam and leads to a decrease in success. In addition, intense thinking about getting bad grades in exams leads to the development of serious anxiety before the exam. Exam anxiety prevents studying, makes it difficult to learn and remember what needs to be learned for the test or exam. It can be difficult for people to show what they know at the time of the exam. Exam anxiety can provide motivation to prepare for the exam. But when it becomes too concentrated, it leads to some negative symptoms and consequences. Signs of test anxiety: Physical Headache, Nausea or diarrhea, Frequent urination Sweating on the hands Changes in body temperature, Dry mouth, Shortness of breath, Dizziness or fainting, Fast heartbeat Emotional: Frustration, Extreme fear, Anger, Uncontrollable crying or Behavioral: Constant mobility, Can't stay still, Avoidance (stopping studying, quitting an exam) Avoidance (postponing studying, not taking an exam) Cognitive: Feeling of emptiness, Difficulty concentrating, Difficulty organizing thoughts, Negative self-talk .
What are the Causes of Exam Anxiety?
There are many reasons for test anxiety. These are listed as inability to use time effectively, not being ready, not meeting physiological needs, and having thoughts that include catastrophic interpretation.
What are the Treatment Methods for Exam Anxiety?
People whose quality of life is negatively affected due to test anxiety and whose performance is reduced should evaluate treatment options. Various therapy methods, especially cognitive behavioral therapy, are used for test anxiety. Giving students the tools and emotional strategies needed to prepare for and succeed in an important exam, and helping them develop healthy physical habits can help them overcome the symptoms of test anxiety. In addition to these, it is necessary to pay attention to exercise and sleep patterns.