Electromyogram is defined as the electrical activity that occurs on the muscles when they are resting and contracting. The system that records this activity is called the electromyograph and this process is called electromyography (EMG). It is a neurological examination method based on the examination and testing of the electrical potentials of peripheral nerves and muscles. Your doctor will first ask questions to learn about your general health status and your main complaints. Thus, he obtains information before performing the necessary examinations for your symptoms.
Your doctor may request some additional diagnostic tests as a result of the findings observed after the examination. This examination is applied to patients with a preliminary diagnosis such as lumbar and neck hernia, muscle diseases, motor neuron disease, neuropathies, nerve compression. Before the examination, the patient is informed and when making an appointment, it is recommended to come with warm hands and feet and clean skin. They don't have to be hungry. According to the tests performed, it can take between 20 minutes and 1 hour. EMG (electro neuromyography) is an examination consisting of two parts. Examines muscles and nerves. In the first part; Calculates how fast nerves conduct conduction in conduction study. A very mild electrical stimulation is given to the nerve associated with the electrode placed on the muscles. There is no harm to the patient.
This examination is not performed only in patients with a pacemaker, as it may cause arrhythmia in the heart. In the second part, very thin, specially made disposable needles are used for only one patient. The necessary muscles are entered and the activity of these muscles is checked. Needle EMG is applied only by the physician. In the needle EMG test, imaging is provided with the help of fine-tipped electrodes pointed into the muscle. The examination may cause some discomfort to the patients. There may be bruising or bleeding at the injection site. It has no side effects. There is no electrical stimulation in this section. Caution should be exercised in those who use Coumadin-style drugs.
WHAT ARE THE USAGE AREAS OF EMG?
Mononeuropathies Median nerve neuropathy in the wrist Proximal medianneuropathy Unlarneuropathy in the elbow Unlarneuropathy in the wrist Unlar neuropathy in the wrist Radialneuropathy Peronealneuropathy Femoralneuropathy Tarsal tunnel syndrome Facialtrigeminalneuropathy Polyneuropathies Motor neuron disease (als and variants) Radiculopathies Plexosus, plexosacral neuropathy