Diagnosis and Treatment Methods in Cardiovascular Surgery
Methods applied both as diagnosis and treatment in the cardiovascular surgery department are very important in terms of detecting and preventing diseases, clogged vessels and complications that may develop. Peripheral Angiography Peripheral angiography, which is a surgical interventional treatment, is a surgical interventional method. It is applied to unblock narrowed or clogged arteries and to restore blood flow. If there are drugs used by the patient before the procedure, a medication arrangement is made. Depending on the patient's condition, sedatives can be given and the patient can be sedated (sleeping). Local anesthesia is applied to the area where the procedure will be performed. An opaque substance may be given to the patient to view the heart. The wire passed from the arm or groin area where the procedure will be performed is transmitted to the vein to open the blockage and to provide blood flow. After the procedure, doctor control and compliance with the medical treatment are important. It is recommended that the patient not exert himself physically for a few days. Peripheral Angioplasty As the surgical interventional treatment of peripheral arterial disease performed in our hospital, balloon and stent application is peripheral angioplasty.
Narrowed or occluded arteries are entered from the arm or groin area, and the occluded area is passed with the help of a wire, and the balloon is inflated in the occluded area and blood flow is provided. Depending on the patient's condition and obstruction, stent can be placed in these areas. After peripheral angioplasty, the treatment is supported by drugs and the aim is to prevent the obstruction from reoccurring and to control the obstruction. Atherectomy In primary angioplasty, if efficient and sufficient results are not obtained after blon and stent applications, this method called shaving is used. The aim of this treatment method is to completely clean the plaques in the clogged vessel. The plaque is cleaned by mechanical scraping. The duration of the procedure may vary depending on the vessel to be treated and the amount of congestion. At the same time, dilating angioplasty can also be done to relax the vessels after this application.
Before the treatment, the patient's controls are made. After angiography is applied to the patient, the patient is taken to the angiography laboratory. The catheter is placed in the occluded vessel. After the wire is passed through the catheter, it is advanced to the occluded part in the artery and the plaques in the artery are cleaned with the cutting part of the catheter. Blood flow is provided in the cleaned artery. After the treatment, the medications that the doctor will give if he deems appropriate should be followed by the continuity and controls.