Developmental Problems and Anemia in Children
Anemia is known in medical terminology as anemia. Anemia occurs when red blood cells (hemoglobin) fall below normal values.
Anemia in children causes important developmental and health problems. In case of anemia, moodiness, tiredness and pale skin are seen. Iron deficiency is one of the important factors that cause anemia in children. By giving protective iron preparations by the doctor, children and babies are provided to replenish their iron stores. Physiological anemia period begins in infants after the second month. Maintenance iron preparations are started at the 2nd month in premature infants and at the 4th month in term infants. Children experience some changes in the body at certain periods. They need more iron during the growth and development phases. In this respect, the need for iron increases with age. Anemia etc. Nutritional habits are important in preventing health problems.
Nutritional disorders in children affect the entire body system. It can cause developmental delay. In case of malnutrition, symptoms such as weakness or indigestion, fatigue and weakness, anxiety and moodiness are seen in children. Those with a body mass index below 18.5 are at risk of malnutrition.In order to prevent problems such as insufficient or excessive nutrition in children of all ages, a certain nutritional diet is provided, accompanied by a pediatrician and dietitian. As a result of the detection of vitamins in the blood by the doctor's blood test, the treatment process is carried out in proportion to the deficiency.
In malnutrition, vitamin supplements may be prescribed by the doctor in case the child refuses to feed. In order to monitor malnutrition or overnutrition, every month the child's development is followed up by the doctor until he reaches a certain age range. Factors such as height, weight, and head circumference are controlled by tables called percentiles. Percentile tables are a scale in which normal and unusual situations are followed about height, weight and head circumference in babies up to the age of 0-3.
These values may be over or under 10%. In order to prevent malnutrition and growth retardation, a doctor's check-up (blood tests such as iron deficiency, etc. is performed) in the first six months, 9th and 12th month controls after 6th month, and 18th, 24th, 30th and 36th months checks must be made. For the next period, a doctor's control is recommended once a year.