It is a clinical syndrome that progresses to the stage of deterioration in the cognitive functions of the person, according to the level of function he has previously acquired. Behavioral disorders, deterioration in social and occupational activities are observed. Another affected functional group is activities of daily living.
Dementia is not the same as forgetfulness. While dementia patients can describe their youth in surprising detail, they have difficulty learning, recording and remembering new information. With dementia, memory loss occurs to such an extent that it affects the person's daily life in such a way that they need help from other people. It is progressive and fatal. Alzheimer's is one of the most important causes of dementia.
The prevalence of dementia over the age of 65 is 5-10% and doubles every 5 years. Dementia is observed in 20-50% of 85-year-olds. Dementia is a serious health problem both for its development and for developing countries. It starts with insidious forgetfulness, forgetfulness should not be seen as normal in old age.
In cases that are caught early, the time to turn into severe dementia is extended by applying medication, and the patient's ability to take care of himself is preserved. Stages of Dementia EARLY STAGE Forgetfulness, difficulty in finding words Personality change Difficulty in calculating Loss of things, confusion Repetition of questions and sentences Confusion of the concept of person, place and time MIDDLE STAGE Increase in memory loss Use of inappropriate words Loss of basic care skills Personality change, loss of night-day distinction Distant Inability to remember relatives, friends Difficulty in communication Excessive irritability, aimless wandering, daydreaming ADVANCED STAGE Inadequate nutrition Urinary and fecal incontinence Loss of mobility - bed dependency Loss of all movement, speech and eating functions in recent years Health Precautions in Dementia Patients A great role for their relatives falls.
Regular exercise Follow-up of other diseases Maintaining oral and dental hygiene Wearing glasses Coping with hearing problems Regular use of medications Ensuring safety at home is one of the important topics.