Colon cancer is one of the most serious diseases that the general surgery outpatient clinic of our hospital deals with.
What is Colon Cancer?
This disease, also known as bowel cancer, is cancer that occurs in the inner surface of the large intestine. It occurs when tumors originating from the colon mucosa turn into adenomas and adenomas into polyps over time and with age. It can spread to nearby organs, lymph nodes, liver and lungs. Cancer can be caused by genetics, alcohol use, smoking, unhealthy life, advanced age, inflammatory bowel diseases, fatty and meat-based diet, and polyps are known as the most important causes.
Polyps usually begin to show symptoms in the late period, that is, when they start to become cancerous. That's why regular checkups for colon cancer are important. At the same time, colitis and crohn's diseases can progress and turn into cancer. The incidence in men is higher than in women.
What are Colon Cancer Symptoms?
Colon cancer usually does not show symptoms at first, but there may be symptoms such as changes in stool, changes in toilet habits, fatigue, shortness of breath, constant diarrhea or constant constipation, anemia due to iron deficiency, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, weight loss and bleeding from the anus. Diagnosis of Colon Cancer Colon cancer is a disease that can extend to the 4th stage, and as with all diseases, early diagnosis is important. First of all, when polyp diagnosis is necessary, polyp is diagnosed by colonoscopy, stool test and enema methods. Colonoscopy, computed tomography and blood in stool methods are used for the diagnosis of colon cancer. Colon Cancer Treatment Part of the treatment of colon cancer can be polyp removal, if possible. Polyp removal as an early treatment also plays a major role in the prevention of cancer. Polyp treatment is determined according to the condition and severity of the polyp, with polyp removal by colonoscopy, polypectomy, liquid injection to isolate the polyp, and complete removal of the colon rectum. Before the treatment of colon cancer is planned, the stage of the patient is determined. Surgery is determined according to the general condition of the patient and the tumor, and chemotherapy drugs can be used.
Chemotherapy is usually administered after surgical removal of the tumor. This situation can also change as radiotherapy, that is, radiation therapy. In case of metastasis, that is, the spread of cancer to other organs, the life of the individual can be tried to be extended with drug treatment.
After diagnosing the disease with diagnostic methods, our general surgeon will determine the most appropriate treatment method for you, arrange your treatment and help you.