Kan Hastalıkları Nelerdir?
Blood disorders include anemia, platelet deficiency, hemophilia, lymphoma, and leukemia. Anemia is the disease that we hear a lot among the people and that we know as "anemia". As a blood disease that is usually congenital or occurs in adulthood or adolescence, it can seriously affect the individual's life functions. Anemia is caused by a deficiency of folic acid, B12 and iron. Congenital anemia is known as Mediterranean anemia and develops due to genetic factors. There are varieties such as sickle cell anemia, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, pernicious anemia and megaloblastic anemia. The symptoms of anemia are similar to the complaints we hear a lot in our daily life. Weakness, dizziness, palpitations, blackouts, forgetfulness, hair loss, pallor in the face, eyes and nails, cracked lips and poor focus are among the symptoms of anemia. Leukemia is popularly known as "blood cancer" and is a very serious blood disease. It occurs as a result of cancerization of blood cells that serve as blood production.
There are two most common types, acute leukemia and chronic leukemia. Acute leukemia is the more serious type, it is the inability of the body to produce blood as a result of the bone marrow being filled with abnormal cells. Symptoms of leukemia may be accompanied by night sweats, frequent infections, pain in the joints and bones, bleeding that occurs easily on the skin, fatigue, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes. Lymphoma is the disease known as “lymph cancer” caused by the abnormality of our defense cells, lymphocytes. The most common part is lymph nodes. Known symptoms include enlargement and proliferation of lymph nodes, fever, cough, respiratory problems and weight loss. Platelet deficiency, that is, thrombocytopenia, is caused by bone marrow damage or a decrease in the number and function of platelet hormones. Redness and bruising on the arms and legs, bleeding gums and nosebleeds are among the symptoms. All blood diseases can trigger each other and be the cause and result of each other.
How Are Blood Diseases Diagnosed?
In our outpatient clinic, blood diseases, ie hematological diseases, are diagnosed by physical examination, complete blood count, bone marrow biopsy, peripheral smear and hemoglobin subtype analysis.
How Can Blood Diseases Be Treated?
Acute leukemia is a serious type of leukemia and requires definitive treatment. For this type of leukemia, marrow transplantation, that is, stem cell treatments or drug treatments are applied. Chronic leukemia treatment depends on the type of leukemia and stem cell therapy is applied for some chronic leukemia diseases. Depending on the type of anemia, treatment modalities may vary. Vitamin supplementation is an important method for anemia and can be given by pill or injection.
If the anemia is advanced, it is treated with blood or stem cell transplantation. Dietary treatment and control can also be provided for beginner-level anemias that require a regular diet. Mild thrombocytopenia may have conditions that do not require treatment, but if severe bleeding occurs, drug therapy or blood transfusion may be required. The recommended treatment method for the treatment of lymphoma is chemotherapy. Our internists will help you by deciding on the most appropriate treatment method after applying the diagnostic methods.