Bipolar disorder is a condition called bipolar mood disorder or manic depressive disorder. People with this disorder experience inability to complete social activities, participate in activities, and experience sudden changes in their mood. In bipolar disorder, there are periods of Exuberance (Mania), Depression (Depression).
What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?
During the mania period of bipolar disorder, the mood of the person is very high and the person becomes overly enthusiastic. During the mania period, the patient has the following symptoms: Exaggerated thoughts, Feeling much higher than he really is, Thoughts of grandeur, Presence of thoughts racing in his mind, Feeling overly energetic, Decreased need for sleep and even no need for sleep, Hyperactivity, Increased sexual impulses, Difficulty concentrating, Excessive joy , Talking fast, Alcohol and drug use, Restlessness, Hallucinations (seeing, hearing or smelling things that are not there) Attempting exciting or fun activities without thinking about the consequences such as spending too much money or driving too fast, Symptoms observed in the depression period of bipolar disorder are as follows: Unhappiness Pessimism Hopelessness Unwillingness Fatigue Tension Difficulty in concentration Decreased sexual desire Decreased self-confidence Feelings of worthlessness It can manifest itself in two different ways. These are defined as Bipolar I disorder and Bipolar II disorder. bipolar I disorder; It is a course in which the mania and depression of the patients are experienced very clearly. bipolar II disorder; Although depression is observed in patients, mania and hypomania are less pronounced. It is the frequency of depressions that affects the state and course of the disease in general. Manic episodes can be experienced less clearly than depression in many patients. There are several types of bipolar disorder and related disorders. They can include mania, hypomania, and depression. Bipolar disorder symptoms can cause unpredictable changes in mood and behavior, which can cause significant distress and difficulties in life. Bipolar II disorder is not a milder form of bipolar I disorder, but an entirely separate diagnosis. While the manic episodes of bipolar I disorder can be severe and dangerous, people with bipolar II disorder can remain depressed for longer, causing significant psychological damage. Treatment of Bipolar Disorder Treatment should best be directed by a medical doctor (psychiatrist) skilled in the treatment of bipolar and related disorders and specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health conditions. Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition. Treatment is directed at managing symptoms. Depending on your needs, treatment may include: Medications. You may need to start taking medication to stabilize your mood right away. Timed treatment. Bipolar disorder requires lifelong treatment with medication, even when you feel better. People who skip maintenance therapy are at risk for symptoms to relapse or minor mood swings to develop into full-blown mania or depression. Substance abuse treatment. If you have problems with alcohol or drugs, you will also need substance abuse treatment. Otherwise, bipolar disorder can be very difficult to manage.