Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined by the concepts of attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsivity. It is one of the most common problems in children and adolescents. Mobility is one of the normal features of childhood. Hyperactivity can be mentioned in cases where the mobility is significantly higher than their peers and these behaviors cause problems for friends, family and/or teachers in daily functions such as play and school, that is, when they affect the child's functionality. Hyperactivity is a psychological disorder in which children have difficulty in self-control, unusual activity and being abnormally active. It is seen that children diagnosed with hyperactivity react quickly and without thinking. They have trouble performing any activity silently. Children with ADHD have difficulty concentrating. Being easily distracted by external stimuli can cause forgetfulness. Symptoms such as difficulty in maintaining order, frequently losing belongings and toys, and forgetting the responsibilities and duties they have taken can also indicate that there are attention problems. Children with ADHD may experience problems in their home and school life. They may have trouble sitting still when they need to study or do homework. Behaviors such as difficulty in waiting for one's turn, answering before the end of the question, haste, interrupting someone else's words, and the fact that the child's functionality is negatively affected as a result of these behaviors may indicate that there may be impulsivity problems. When diagnosing ADHD, as many resources as possible are used. Information is obtained from parents, teachers, school guidance units and people who know the child closely. It should be known that when ADHD is treated, it provides significant improvement, and if it is not treated, it will lead to psychiatric and social problems. While it is accompanied by psychotherapy methods and in some cases medicated treatment, it can be applied alone in some cases. It is seen that benefiting from the behavioral therapy method is beneficial for children to gain the right habits.