What is Asthma?
Asthma is a serious lung disease. Asthma is a condition in which the airways narrow, swell, and sometimes cause mucus. It makes breathing difficult and triggers coughing. Asthma sufferers may say they feel like they are breathing through a straw. There is no definitive cure, but it is a manageable disease.
What are the symptoms of asthma?
Shortness of breath Wheezing Tightness in the chest Coughing attacks Wheezing attacks Sleeping problems due to breathing Pain in the chest Wheezing when exhaling If symptoms become more frequent and shortness of breath increases, asthma may be advancing. There are also situational asthma types: sports-induced asthma, allergy-induced asthma, and occupational asthma.
What are the Causes of Asthma?
Although the exact causes are not known, it is thought to occur due to genetic, environmental factors, medical condition of the person and infections. If someone in your nuclear family has asthma, it is likely that you will too.
What Are the Factors Triggering Asthma?
The airways in our lungs are sensitive to dust, chemicals, pollen and cigarette smoke. Likewise for flu and cold. These affect asthma. When the lungs fill with thick mucus and block the airways, the linings swell and there is less room for air to pass, the muscles that surround the airways grow and contract, making it harder to breathe. If the shortness of breath increases rapidly, if there is shortness of breath with little physical activity, if it does not go away with the use of an inhaler, seek emergency treatment.
What are the Methods Used in Asthma Treatment?
As asthma is genetically inherited, it can be controlled by early diagnosis and good treatment. The most effective method in treatment is to provide clear information to the patient about the disease and to develop patient-doctor dialogue. The success of the treatment is evident when the patient is provided with drug support without deteriorating the quality of his normal life. Treatment can last a lifetime. The most effective way of treatment is to avoid the allergens to which the patient is sensitive. Drugs that are the second line of treatment; It should be preferred in the form of spray or powder taken by inhalation. In the treatment of asthma, drugs are divided into two: drugs that control and relieve drugs. The duration of use of the drugs and the patient to be administered must be determined by the physician.