What is Anesthesia Anesthesia refers to the practices performed to increase patient comfort and safety with a team of anesthesia and reanimation specialists and anesthesia technicians and technicians to prevent the patient from feeling pain during surgery or various other medical interventions.
The word means insensitivity. While anesthesia professionals reveal this numbness; encounters many consequences of this situation and tries to control these results. The human body is like a machine in which its activities continue in a balance. Closing and restarting certain activities of this machine can actually explain the anesthesia mechanism to some extent. Surgical interventions cannot be performed without anesthetic drugs. The working logic of anesthesia comes from its suppressive effect on the central and peripheral nervous system. The nervous system consists of the brain, peripheral and spinal nerve structures. Messages coming out of the brain and returning to the brain are carried by the neural network distributed throughout the body. In anesthesia practice, the normal functioning of this communication system is prevented and the transmission of pain stimuli to the brain is prevented. Anesthesia and surgery can cause rapid changes in vital functions. For this reason, the anesthetist monitors the physiological variables of the patients by using anesthesia equipment and devices during all kinds of applications. Despite today's technological possibilities, the anesthetist's observation still forms the basis of monitoring. Patient Positions in Anesthesia and Its Systemic Effects Different patient positions for surgery in anesthesia have many systemic effects. Different positions can be applied for many different purposes. Possible situations that require a patient to be positioned are; Applied Surgical Procedure: The patient should be given the position that enables the most appropriate application of the surgical procedure. For example, a prone position is required for a patient to be operated for a lumbar disc herniation (lumbar hernia).Prevention of Complications: The specific systemic effects of positions may be beneficial in preventing complications. For example, a patient with high blood pressure may be placed in a semi-sitting position to ensure that the head is above the level of the heart and to prevent an increase in intracranial pressure. Regional Anesthesia Application: Especially in spinal or epidural anesthesia application, the patient should be given a suitable position so that the procedure can be performed easily. The most suitable position for a patient; It is the position that has the least effects on the respiratory system and circulatory system. It is a position that will not cause nerve and body injuries. It is the position where all protruding areas are protected by soft supports and pressure is prevented. It is a position where there is no uncontrolled pressure on organs such as ears, eyes and nose.
What are the Types of Anesthesia?
Which type of anesthesia will be applied to the patient is decided by considering the type of operation, the general health status of the person, the length of the procedure and the type of procedure to be applied. There are many different sub-types, which it is divided into depending on the way it is applied. These include methods that are used extensively in the clinical setting; It can be performed in 3 different ways as general, regional (regional) and local anesthesia. In addition, it is possible to perform operations under sedoanalgesia (sedation + analgesia).