Allergic Diseases in Children
Allergic rhinitis Allergens in the air trigger the release of histamine in the body, resulting in a reaction in the nose, throat and eyes. Dust mites, pollen, smoke, etc. allergens come to the fore for allergic rhinitis. Symptoms such as sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal and postnasal drip are seen. The treatment process is carried out with antihistamines, decongestants and nasal sprays.
Food allergy Food allergy is very common in children, especially in children under the age of two. Allergic reactions to foods such as eggs, milk, peanuts, wheat, some sea creatures and sesame are frequently seen. It is due to the fact that an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE) sees the protein in the food as a target. Diagnosis is made by detecting IgE antibodies in allergy blood tests. It is necessary to identify the food that causes the allergic reaction and to recommend a diet. Anaphylaxis Anaphylaxis is a serious and life-threatening allergic reaction to food or foods. The patient presents to the emergency room with symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, dizziness or fainting, rapid heartbeat, and wheezing.
In these cases, a reaction to food or medication is often detected. The treatment process is carried out by administering adrenaline to the patient by IV, IM route. Allergic Asthma In children, worsening after viral infection, wheezing, increasing cough may be symptoms of allergic asthma. In children, viral infections and allergens cause damage to the lungs and lower respiratory tract. For the treatment of allergic asthma, a treatment process is carried out with antibiotics, drugs containing very low doses of cortisone, inhalation solution and nebulizer.