Advanced Age Eye Diseases
Advanced Age Eye Diseases There are some age-related eye diseases that cause vision problems. Cataract, diabetes-related eye diseases (diabetic retinopathy), glaucoma and macular degeneration are the most common of these. It is a very common eye disease that can be treated surgically in eye diseases. Cataract disease occurs as a result of the deterioration of the transparent structure of the lens in the eye.
When the transparent structure deteriorates, visual defects occur. Since it is not possible to intervene and prevent / delay with medical methods, it is treated with surgical methods. As a result of diabetes affecting the eye, problems such as glaucoma (eye pressure) and cataracts are more common in diabetics. Age-related eye diseases Macular degeneration (yellow spot), glaucoma, cataract and dry eye are detailed below. Macular degeneration (yellow spot disease): It is an age-related eye disease that is usually encountered in individuals over the age of 60. Aging is a risk factor for an increased incidence of the disease. Generally, the average risk increases in connection with heart disease and smoking. The diagnosis of the disease is clarified by performing examinations such as eye tomography and eye angiography procedures. Depending on the stages of the disease, the treatment is carried out by the specialist with the help of intraocular injections or a surgical operation called vitrectomy. Glaucoma: It is known as glaucoma among the people. As a result of increased intraocular pressure, it causes damage to the optic nerves. This disease is a chronic and painless eye disease. Eye drops can be given to lower eye pressure in the treatment of glaucoma. At the same time, the course of the disease is examined by applying tests such as OCT and visual field.
Some patients may require surgery depending on their condition. Cataract: Although cataract disease is encountered in infancy and childhood, old age is an important reason for the formation of cataracts. Various changes occur in the lens depending on age. Methods such as cataract medication, drops or glasses do not work in the treatment process. Surgery is required in the treatment of cataract disease. Dry eye: Dry eye is among the eye diseases that develop due to aging. With old age, stinging, burning and dryness occur in the eyes. Dryness and other complaints increase as a result of long-term reading in air conditioning, wind and similar stimuli. In the treatment of dry eye, medical methods such as artificial tear drops and eye ointments are often sufficient.