In the sleep laboratory, the entire sleep flow of the individual is monitored throughout the night until he wakes up through both the device and the camera, looking at his behavior during sleep to see if there is a disease in the person. During this detection, the patient stays in this special room in the hospital and while he is asleep at night, he is subjected to a sleep test called "polysomnography" (PSG) and his sleep is recorded.
With the device used in the sleep test, the brain activities/waves, leg movements, lying position, breathing, snoring, air flow from the mouth and nose, heart rate/rhythm and oxygen levels of the person are determined during sleep. During this test, various cables are connected to the body and these cables are also plugged into a computer, thus starting the monitoring process.
A sleep laboratory should be established with sensitivity to the home environment and the comfort of the patient should be ensured. The room where the patient will stay all night should be quiet and large enough, and the toilet and bathroom should be in the room. In addition, a close placement is planned between the technical observation room where the technicians examining the patient's sleep patterns and examinations are located and the patient's sleep room in order to help the patient when needed.
Our specialist physicians make the necessary examinations, examinations and examinations by talking to people and their relatives about sleep complaints and problems they experience.
When should you go to the sleep lab?
If you are thinking of applying to a sleep laboratory, you are now experiencing chronic insomnia problems or sleep seizures.
If you can't sleep at all
If you sleep excessively and have difficulty getting up and affect your social life negatively
If you are constantly awake at night
If you are sleeping while sitting
Even if you sleep a lot, you can't rest and you still feel tired
If you wake up bouncing off the bed
If you have very bad nightmares and bad dreams,
You should consult a sleep laboratory because this condition will make your life more difficult if not treated.
Tests Applied within the Scope of Sleep Laboratory
Information on changes between normal sleep and sleep based on certain diseases is determined by reports obtained as a result of examinations carried out in sleep laboratories. Polysomnographic records in the sleep laboratory provide the most basic data on sleep. Many sizes of records can be made during polysomnographic examinations;
EEG (brain electrode); Through electroencephalography, electroencephalographic records are made throughout the night sleep to determine the sleep-wake periods and sleep stages of the person.
EOG (electrode of eye movements); Eye movements can be determined by electrooculograph.
EMG; Electromyograph allows electromyographic records to be made from the muscles. Periods when the muscles are contracted or relaxed are determined.
Jaw EMG (jaw muscle tension electromyography): With the lying position records, changes in sleep are recorded in the supine or other positions, and chest and abdominal movements are monitored while breathing.
ECG (heart x-ray); It is used to reach findings such as heart rhythm and heart rate.
Blood oxygen level measurement with a pulse oximeter, (Oxygen saturation circulating in the blood during sleep can be measured. It provides access to information such as the periods when oxygen decreases and the number, duration and depth of these periods). While inhaling and exhaling, the depth and order of the breaths are followed with the air flow measurement through the nose, and the breath stops are determined.
Recordings of snoring sound,
Many other parameters such as leg EMG (leg muscle contractions electromyography); Leg movements are monitored and evaluated.
The records obtained using all these test methods are examined later and various inferences are made. First of all, the patient's sleep structure is evaluated. Sleep stages and architecture are created. Considering the amount of oxygen the patient receives, some ideas about the body can be obtained. Data such as the breathing level of the person and the amount of oxygen in the blood can be revealed within the framework of this system.
Apart from this, it is also possible to draw a road map related to the patient's health by monitoring factors such as heart rhythm and leg movements of the patient during sleep as a result of ECG. By confronting these graphs, it can be learned what causes discomfort. For example, when a person has trouble breathing, the heart rate can be examined to get an idea of the onset or course of a number of disorders.
With all these results, appropriate treatment planning is made by diagnosing the sleep disorder experienced by the patient.
What happens if sleep disorders are not treated?
Untreated sleep disorders make daily life increasingly difficult and can lead to many diseases that negatively affect the quality of life such as social life, morning fatigue, morning headache, impaired attention, forgetfulness, failure at work, increase in traffic accidents, heart problems, hypertension, irritability, heartburn, gastroesophageal and laryngopharyngeal reflux, stomach and intestinal diseases, obesity, depression, sexual reluctance, blood diseases, and urinary problems at night.
After the diagnosis of sleep disorders with sleep laboratory studies, the treatment method is selected according to the severity and cause of the problem.