CHhildren's Eye Health and Squinting Surgery
Duane and Brown Syndromes
Duane syndrome, which is encountered as a congenital anomaly, is an eye disease that occurs as a result of incorrect transmission of the muscles in the eye with the nerves. Although it is generally diagnosed until the age of 9-10, it is classified as Type 1- Type 2 and Type 3. Brown syndrome, on the other hand, appears as a vision problem that occurs in the superior oblique muscle. In this syndrome, the eye faces the tip of the nose and the eye muscle is quite tense. A difficult reduction test is performed and the treatment process begins with the positive result.
General refractive defects of the eye are myopia, hypermetropia, astigmatism and presbyopia. Fracture defects may occur individually in the eye or more than one refractive defect may occur together. The treatment of refractive error of the eye is treated with glasses. If it is not treated with glasses, fatigue in the eye and headache occur. At the beginning of the examination, the strength of the eye is automatically measured with an instrument called an autorefractometer. It is to write the lens number according to the type and degree of the defect detected at the end of the measurement after the treatment of the refractive defect and to ensure that people use their glasses continuously. Identifying fracture defects is very important in childhood. It is possible to say that the most critical age range for children is between the ages of 3-4. Being examined by an ophthalmologist in 2-year periods is essential for the detection and treatment of refractive errors.
Eye Examination In Infants
Following the birth process for babies, vision defects are detected by performing vision tests in a period of 1-3 months. In infants, eye examination is performed by dilating the pupil with the help of some devices and examining the parts of the eye. If the baby is very small, it is examined more easily and comfortably with the sedation method. Although the first visual examination is performed 1 month after birth, detailed eye examination in 1-2 years is important for the detection of infant and pediatric eye diseases.
Amblyopia (Lazy Vision)
Lazy eye, also known as amblyopia, is a condition in which one eye sees better than the other because the visual center is not sufficiently developed during infancy and childhood. The person cannot see as sharply and clearly as a healthier eye with the use of contact lenses or glasses. There is no surgical treatment for lazy eyes. If the need for glasses causes lazy eye, the patient's glasses treatment is started.