Neurology is a branch of science that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases originating from the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles originating from the spinal cord.
The nervous system is a system that takes its course in the management of the body and is very confused with its structure and functioning.
The study of this system is the elucidation of its functions. Diseases involving the brain, spinal cord and the nerves around it (tumors, inflammation, accidents, etc.) are the same thing as the general public. However, depending on the task of these structures, the shape and width of the disruption in the body varies.
It is the decrease in strength and sensation in the area where that nerve goes, which is seen in the disorders of the surrounding nerves. Again, with its neural effect, sweating and blood supply in these areas are also impaired. This is because the fibers of the vegetative nervous system are also carried in the surrounding nerves.
The spinal cord is a major pathway that delivers sensations from organs to the brain and motor (movement-related) stimuli from the brain to the environment. In the discomfort of this place, loss of strength, loss of sensation and inability to perform vegetative functions occur. In addition, the person whose spinal cord is damaged also loses control of urine and stool.
Diseases of the brain can be general or local. While this tumor or trauma (injury, injury) causes various symptoms with local effect, brain inflammation (encephalitis) or intoxication will cause symptoms that affect the whole body.
The nervous system is divided into two as peripheral and central. Neural networks, which originate in the brain and spinal cord and extend to the extreme points of the body, form the peripheral nervous system.
Neurons, which form the smallest unit of both the central and peripheral nervous systems, have different shapes and functions depending on the region they are located in. Any physical or functional disorder that occurs in neurons located in any part of the body falls within the scope of the neurology department.
Neurology is a clinical medical branch that deals with all kinds of health problems covering all the structures and organs that make up the nervous system. Therefore, it has a very wide range of expertise.
Therefore, it is divided into some subgroups within itself. In this way, it allows the diagnosis and treatment processes to be carried out by specialist doctors who have experience in more specific subjects.