Myocardial diseases are another ailment that our hospital's cardiology outpatient clinic deals with. Myocardium means heart muscle.
What Are Myocardial Diseases?
Myocarditis, which is inflammation of the heart muscle from myocardial diseases, and cardiomyopathy, which means cardiac muscle involvement, are disorders that can interfere with the functions of the heart.
It is caused by inflammation of the heart muscle, which makes up a large part of the heart. The heart muscle can become inflamed by viruses, bacteria, fungi and pharmacological factors. As a result of the inflammation, deterioration occurs in the heart muscle cells. Drug use, unprotected sexual intercourse and carelessness about hygiene cause viral infections and lead to myocardial diseases. Depending on the extent of the damage to the muscle, myocarditis can cause more serious diseases, the possibility of clots and heart attacks.
Also known as muscle involvement, this disease is caused by dehydration, muscle fatigue, or electrolytes. Immune disorders and hereditary transfers can cause cardiomyopathy. The course and symptoms of the disease may vary from person to person.
What Are the Symptoms of Myocardial Diseases?
In non-asymptomatic myocardial diseases, symptoms appear as respiratory problems, chest pain, increased heart rate, weakness, fever, sore throat, weakness, edema and joint pain. Not every symptom may be seen in every patient, or it may occur at different courses and rates in patients with symptoms.
As a symptomatic disease, cardiomyopathy symptoms may vary according to the patients and may present as cramps, paralysis, pain, muscle weakness and fatigue, regional stiffness and speech disorder.
Diagnosis of Myocardial Diseases
For the diagnosis of myocarditis, radiological tests such as perfusion scintigraphy, holter ECG, ECHO, chest X-ray and MRI and laboratory tests related to inflammation are used and catheterization and biopsy can be performed if deemed necessary as a result of these tests.
Cardiomyopathy is diagnosed as a result of ECG, holter ECG, ECHO, MRI, chest X-ray and, if necessary, biological tests and biopsy.
Treatment of Myocardial Diseases
After the diagnosis of myocarditis, the treatment applied varies from individual to individual depending on the course of the inflammation. Medication is started for the reduction of inflammation and edema caused by inflammation. If the disease progresses slowly, ventricular support and aortic pump applications can be performed. Patients with myocarditis causing heart failure may require a heart transplant.
Cardiomyopathy treatment varies according to the patient, similar to myocarditis treatment. Physiotherapy can be applied for blood change, drug treatment and, if necessary, for the patient who has undergone surgery. The aim of the treatment is to reduce the patient's muscle fatigue and to ensure the heart to work comfortably.
Our cardiologist will help you by diagnosing the disease with diagnostic methods and by contacting the infectious diseases unit and planning the best treatment method for you.