One of the diseases that our patients who come to the general surgery outpatient clinic of our hospital frequently have problems with is hemorrhoids.
What Is Hemorrhoids?
This disease, popularly known as “hemorrhoids,” is an enlargement of the arteries at the very bottom of the anus and rectum, at the end of the anal canal. These swollen arteries become irritated and go out of the anus. They are divided into internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are located in the anus and areless painful than external hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids are located under the rectal skin and cause pain, especially while defecating. Internal hemorrhoids can cause anal fistula and perianal apses. Causes of hemorrhoids include genetics, diet, spicy and spicy foods, drinking little water, excessive alcohol consumption, and pregnancy in women.
What Are The Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids, also known as piles or yeast symptoms, include difficulty in defecation, pain and blood in the stool. Pain, bleeding, swelling, itching and mass in the anus area are other symptoms. The symptom that does not occur much in internal hemorrhoids is pain, and pain is a more common symptom in external hemorrhoids.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids
While diagnosing hemorrhoids, the patient's complaints are listened in detail in the first place. In case of detection of hemorrhoids after anal examination, colonoscopy is recommended.
Rectoscopy can be performed in patients with bleeding complaints.
Depending on the severity of the disease for treatment after the disease is diagnosed, diet and nutrition planning is carried out, since it is a digestive system disease. A program that avoids hemorrhoid-increasing foods and focuses on foods with fiber and olive oil can be made. Drink plenty of water, avoid red meat, and avoid spices and spices.
Regular exercise is also part of the treatment, as it will increase mobility and speed up the digestive system. As drug treatment, drugs that facilitate defecation and regulate intestinal functions, creams and pomades are used. Surgery may be required for further hemorrhoids. Surgery is usually performed with epidural or general anesthesia. With surgery, the probability of recurrence of the disease is less.
After our general surgeon diagnoses the disease, he/she will determine the most appropriate treatment method for you according to the course and severity of the disease and will arrange your treatment and help you.