What Is Head Trauma?
Trauma is generally known as damage to the integrity of tissues in the body due to an external factor. Head trauma can also be considered as an injury of the head region as a result of an impact. The results of head trauma vary according to the severity of the head trauma. Head traumas, which can range from a mild headache to coma and death, should be carefully monitored and head trauma should be intervened as soon as possible.
What Are The Causes of Head Trauma?
Motor vehicle accidents
Concussion-related head injuries (more common in infants and children)
What Are The Symptoms of Head Trauma?
Impaired sense of smell or taste,
Sensitivity to light and sound,
Loss of consciousness
Abnormal eye movements,
Change of mood,
Fluid coming from the ear or nose,
How Is Head Trauma Treatment Performed?
In head traumas, the first intervention is performed in the emergency department, in cases where no emergency surgery is required as a result of examination, patients are followed up in the observation room for a while, if no problem is detected in their follow-up, medical recommendations are made to the patient and his/her relatives, neurosurgical emergency situations are explained and neurosurgical outpatient clinic control is recommended.
In cases where further examination and treatment are required, follow-up is carried out in neurosurgery clinics. Consciousness monitoring and medical treatment are usually sufficient in head traumas.
Head trauma patients requiring emergency surgery are operated by neurosurgeons. The aim of the surgical intervention is to minimize brain damage and provide vital support by reducing intracranial pressure as early as possible.
Follow-up of the patient after surgery is carried out in intensive care units. Intensive care periods are proportional to the severity of brain damage.
Qualified and comprehensive rehabilitation is essential for patients leaving the intensive care unit to return to their active lives.