What Is Anxiety Disorder?
Anxiety is the brain's usual response to stress, and it's common to experience anxiety from time to time in daily life.
It is considered as a mental disorder if individuals' anxiety reactions occur very frequently and permanently affect their lives.
People with anxiety disorder often experience an intense, extreme, and constant state of anxiety or fear in daily life.
Anxiety affects a person's daily activities and becomes difficult to control. In addition, it can be disproportionate and long-lasting to the real danger. In order to prevent this anxiety, the person can escape from environments and situations.
Symptoms can begin in childhood and continue into adulthood.
What Are the Symptoms of Anxiety?
Feeling nervous, restless
Worried as if something bad is going to happen
Having an increased heart rate
Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
Feeling exhausted or tired
Problem concentrating and focusing on anything
To experience sleep problems,
Experiencing indigestion problems
Having difficulty controlling anxiety
Having a state of avoiding things that trigger anxiety
What Are the Types of Anxiety?
Pervasive anxiety disorder: There is a constant state of anxiety caused by normal everyday events and excessive anxiety about the future.
Panic disorder: The panic attack includes intense anxiety and fear with a sudden onset, reaching a peak in minutes, with no head or end in sight. The person has shortness of breath, chest pain or heart palpitations. These panic attacks can lead to worrying that they will happen again or avoiding situations or places where they have occurred.
Social anxiety disorder (social phobia): It is a state of fear and excessive anxiety that it will be evaluated negatively and humiliated in the society when an action is made, (such as talking, eating, making phone calls).
Agoraphobia: There is a state of fear and anxiety that it may be difficult to avoid in situations such as public transportation, open and closed spaces, being outside the house alone, waiting in line, being in a crowded environment.
Separation anxiety disorder: It is a state of anxiety or fear related to the separation of the person from the people he/she is attached to, developmentally inappropriate and extreme.
How Does Treatment Progress in Anxiety?
The most common treatments for reducing the symptoms of anxiety disorders and managing the disorder are psychotherapy and medications. Psychotherapy is a treatment method where you can learn how to understand anxiety disorder and how to manage anxiety-inducing conditions.