In the sleep laboratory, the entire sleep flow of the individual is monitored throughout the night through both the device and the camera until he/she wakes up, and whether the person has a disease or not is determined by looking at their behavior during sleep. During this determination, the patient stays in this special room in the hospital and while he is asleep at night, his sleep is recorded by being subjected to a sleep test called "polysomnography" (PSG). With the device used in the sleep test, the person's brain activities/waves, leg movements, lying position, breathing, snoring, airflow from the mouth and nose, heart rate/rhythm and oxygen levels are detected during sleep. During this test, various cables are connected to the body and these cables are attached to a computer, thus starting the monitoring process. A sleep laboratory should be created with the sensitivity of a home environment, and the comfort of the patient should be ensured. The room where the patient will stay all night should be quiet and large enough, the toilet and the bathroom should be located in the room.
In addition, a close location is planned between the technical observation room, where the technicians examine the patient's sleep pattern and the examinations performed, and the patient's sleep room, so that the patient can be assisted when needed. Our specialist physicians conduct the necessary examinations, examinations and examinations by talking to the person and their relatives about sleep complaints and the problems they experience.
When Should You Apply to the Sleep Lab?
If you are considering applying to a sleep laboratory, you now have chronic insomnia problems or sleep attacks. These problems are; If you can't sleep at all If you sleep too much and have a lot of difficulty in getting up and negatively affect your social life If you wake up constantly at night You sleep even while sitting You can't rest even if you sleep a lot and you still feel tired If you wake up by jumping out of bed If you have very bad nightmares and bad dreams, you should apply to a sleep laboratory because unless this condition is treated, you will lose more of your life. will become more difficult. Tests Applied in the Scope of the Sleep Laboratory Information on the changes between normal sleep and sleep based on certain diseases is determined by the reports obtained as a result of the examinations made in the sleep laboratories. Polysomnographic recordings in the sleep laboratory provide the most basic data about sleep. Records can be made in many dimensions during polysomnographic examinations; EEG (brain electrode); By means of electroencephalograph, electroencephalographic recordings are made throughout the night's sleep to determine the sleep-wake periods and sleep stages of the person. EOG (eye movement electrode); Eye movements can be determined by electrooculography. EMG; The electromyograph, on the other hand, allows electromyographic recordings of the muscles. The periods when the muscles are contracted or relaxed are determined. Jaw EMG (jaw muscle tension electromyography) With lying position recordings, changes in sleep are recorded in supine or other positions, chest and abdominal movements are monitored while breathing. EKG (radiography of the heart); It is used to reach findings such as heart rhythm and heart rate.
Blood oxygen level measurement with Pulse Oximeter, (Oxygen saturation circulating in the blood can be measured during sleep. It provides information such as the periods when oxygen decreases and the number, duration and depth of these periods). With the measurement of the air flow entering the nose while inhaling, the depth and order of the breathing are followed and the breathing stops are determined. Snoring sound recordings, Leg EMG (leg muscle contraction electromyography); Many more parameters such as leg movements are monitored and evaluated. The records taken using all these test methods are then examined and various inferences are made. First of all, the patient's sleep structure is evaluated.
Sleep stages and architecture are created. Considering the amount of oxygen the patient receives, some ideas about the body can be obtained. Data such as the breathing level of the person and the amount of oxygen in the blood can be revealed within the framework of this system. Apart from this, it is also possible to draw a roadmap for the patient's health by monitoring factors such as heart rhythm and leg movements during sleep as a result of the ECG. By comparing these graphs, it is possible to learn what causes the discomfort. For example, at a time when the person has trouble breathing, the heart rate can be examined to get an idea about the onset or course of some disorders. With all these results, the patient's sleep disorder is diagnosed and appropriate treatment planning is made.
What Happens If Sleep Disorders Are Not Treated?
Untreated sleep disorders make daily life increasingly difficult; effect on social life, morning fatigue, morning headache, poor concentration, forgetfulness, failure at work, increase in traffic accidents, heart problems, hypertension, nervousness, heartburn, gastroesophageal and laryngopharyngeal reflux, stomach and intestinal diseases, obesity, depression, sexual reluctance It can lead to many diseases that negatively affect the quality of life, such as blood diseases, urinary problems at night. After diagnosing sleep disorders with sleep laboratory studies, the treatment method is selected according to the severity and cause of the problem.