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Pancreatic Diseases

Another type of disease that our hospital's general surgery outpatient clinic deals with is pancreatic diseases. There are many types of pancreatic diseases.

What are Pancreatic Diseases?

The pancreas, one of the most important organs, occupies space from the right side of the abdomen to the left part of the liver, regulates body enzymes with the hormones it secretes, balances blood sugar and helps digestion of food.

Pancreatic diseases result from the inability of the pancreas to secrete enzymes, and the inability of the body to regulate insulin resistance. Pancreatic diseases are acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, hereditary pancreatitis, autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Acute pancreatitis is the failure of the pancreas to deliver its enzymes to the intestines and the enzymes remaining in the pancreas.

As a result of this situation, gallstones occur and these stones cause obstruction in the gallbladder and its ducts. It is an acute disorder that occurs when the stones formed in the pancreatic duct fall into the pancreatic duct, causing the pancreatic gland to become blocked and edematous. The biggest factor is fatty diet and alcohol use. Inadequate treatment may cause necrotizing pancreatitis, which is fatal. Chronic pancreatitis is usually a hereditary and progressive disease. It is caused by damage to the cells and pancreas as a result of inflammation in the pancreas. Alcohol consumption triggers the disease. Since digestion cannot develop properly, indigestion problems are experienced. People are at high risk of diabetes because the pancreas gland does not work properly. Hereditary pancreatitis is a disease caused by congenital defects in the structure of the pancreas. It may progress to chronic pancreatitis. Fatty diet and alcohol use trigger the disease. Autoimmune pancreatitis is a disease that occurs as a result of the body's own immune system detecting the pancreatic gland as a foreign body and trying to dissolve the gland. Pancreatic cancer occurs when malignant tumors formed in the pancreas and originating from the tissues of the pancreas become cancerous. These tumors can be caused by genetic factors, obesity, smoking and chronic pancreatic disorders.

What are the Symptoms of Pancreatic Diseases?

Symptoms of pancreatic diseases can be symptoms that appear suddenly over time. Since this disease, which causes blood sugar and enzyme problems, affects the digestive system, its symptoms are problems in the digestive system. Symptoms such as abdominal tenderness, diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain, gas formation, weight loss, blurred vision and jaundice are seen. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pancreatic Diseases It is possible to detect problems of the pancreas, which is difficult to physically examine, with radiological imaging, blood tests and stool test. The patient's symptoms are checked.

Pancreatic disease can be diagnosed by computed tomography, endoscopic ultrasound, examination with MR and, if cancer is present, biopsy. The treatment method varies according to the type of pancreatic disease. If the disease develops due to diet and alcohol, alcohol use should be stopped and smoking should be stopped. Medicines that support the secretion of enzymes that the pancreas cannot secrete, painkillers and vitamin supplements can be used in treatment. In pancreatic problems that require surgery, a part of the pancreas may be removed or a pancreas transplant may be required. If our general surgeon deems it necessary after the diagnosis methods, he will contact our dietitian and infection specialist and help you by arranging your treatment.


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