Inflammation of the nose and sinuses Inflammation of the mucosa lining the sinus cavities is called sinusitis. There are eight sinuses in total, four on the right and left sides. The secretory glands in the sinus mucosa daily 0.5-1 lt. mucus accumulates. Here, it is a disease that occurs due to the discharge of mucus or snot into the sinus without being transferred to the nose. Conditions such as cystic fibrosis, movement disorders, HIV infection (AIDS), chemotherapies, the use of drugs that suppress the body defense system, insulin-dependent diabetes and some connective tissue diseases, may cause sinusitis by impairing mucus production and or transport. The disease progresses as major and minor. In major sinusitis, symptoms such as facial pain, swelling, nasal and postnasal drip, nasal congestion are seen. Symptoms such as headache, toothache, cough are seen in minor sinusitis.
Antibiotic treatment is started in sinusitis classified as acute, subacute and chronic. "Endoscopic Sinus Surgery" is performed by specialist physicians in our hospital in patients with chronic sinusitis. Nasal Congestion, Allergic Colds, Odor Disorders It is an allergic reaction of the body to pollen, house dust, drugs, chemicals and some foods. The immune system is the body's response to these allergens that enter the body. Sensitive immune system, chemical allergens, house dust and mites, animal dander and some environmental factors are important risk factors for the development of this disease. There are symptoms such as constant sneezing, nasal congestion and discharge, watery eyes, post-nasal drip, headache, dry cough. In its treatment, antihistamines (oral and spray), cortisone (corticosteroid) sprays and saline, nasal drops are prescribed. Tumors in the Nose and Sinus Area Tumors called 'papillomas', which are benign in the sinuses, are common in and around the nose. Papillomas can sometimes turn into malignant tumors. Fibromas, neuromas, and osteomas are less common benign tumors.
MRI and computed tomography are required to diagnose these diseases. Since its symptoms are similar to sinusitis, it is likely to be noticed in advanced stages. The treatment process proceeds surgically. Surgical operation is also required for the treatment of malignant tumor. At the same time, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are applied after surgery. Nasal Polyp Treatment They are light pink masses that occur as a result of inflammation of the mucous membranes in the sinus and nasal passages, appearing in the nasal and nasal cavities. Nasal polyps can be seen due to hereditary reasons, allergies, chronic sinusitis, drug sensitivity. The course of the disease is followed by administering steroid-containing drugs into the nose. In the control examination, the severity of the disease is checked by requesting a computed tomography. Depending on the situation, endoscopic sinus surgery may be recommended. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) The main purpose of endoscopic sinus surgery is to clean the tissues and fluids that cause problems in the sinuses and to re-ventilate the inside of the sinus. It occurs with the elimination of the disease that blocks the excretory duct in the sinus. Endoscopic sinus surgery method is used in the treatment of many diseases such as chronic sinusitis, nasal polyposis, treatment of benign and malignant intranasal diseases, reduction of nasal concha, correction of intranasal curvature (deviation).
The procedure is carried out under general anesthesia with the help of a special technological tool with a camera at the tip of the nose. The procedure is completed with the help of a tool called a microshaver, without opening an incision and without stitches. Nose Deformities, Septum Deviation Surgery Septum deviation refers to the curvatures in the midline of the nose. Curvatures in the bone and cartilage structures in the midline of the nose are corrected by surgical intervention. This surgery is known as septoplasty. The process takes approximately 40 minutes. We have successfully completed standard closed technique septoplasty operations in our hospital.