One of the problems we frequently encounter in our patients who come to the general surgery outpatient clinic of our hospital is biliary diseases.
What are gallbladder diseases?
The gallbladder, which aids in digestion, may not be able to perform its functions from time to time. Bile juice breaks the fats in the small intestine into small pieces and allows them to be broken down by digestive enzymes. The organ that transmits bile to the small intestines and facilitates digestion is the gallbladder. In addition, their task is to concentrate the bile fluid produced by the liver and to increase the amount of bile acid. In gallbladder diseases, the pain can spread to the back and abdomen. Generally, it is more common in individuals over the age of sixty, diabetic patients, those with weight problems, those with a family history of bile problems and those with liver problems. Gallbladder and biliary tract stones, gallbladder inflammation and gallbladder cancer are the most common gallbladder diseases.
Gallbladder and biliary tract stones are among the most common problems of gallbladder diseases. Gallstones can be formed due to the high amount of fat in the blood and high levels of elements such as calcium. Gallstones can also progress to the bile ducts in the following periods, and as a result, biliary tract stones may form. Inflammation of the gallbladder is the condition in which stones formed in the gallbladder cause inflammation in the bladder. This infection is called cholecystitis. Inflammation can damage the walls of the sac and cause circulatory disorders. Gallbladder cancer Chronic gallbladder inflammation and gallstones, although not very common, can cause gallbladder cancer. This can be prevented with early treatment of gallstones and inflammation.
What are the Symptoms of Gallbladder Diseases?
Although not every gallbladder disease shows symptoms immediately, the symptoms of gallbladder diseases are usually related to the digestive system. Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, jaundice and fever are among the symptoms that manifest themselves. Diagnosis and Treatment of Gallbladder Diseases When diagnosing gallbladder diseases, laboratory and imaging tests are performed after listening to the patient's complaints. Ultrasonography technique is applied to view the gallbladder. In addition, ERCP can be performed if it is necessary to examine the bile ducts. Since nutrition has an important place in gallbladder diseases, gallbladder diets can be made in the problems of gallbladder inflammation and stones. This diet should be away from processed foods, free of trans fats, low in carbohydrates and sugar, fibrous foods, foods with olive oil, and vegetables and fruits.
Antibiotics for gallbladder inflammation and various drugs are used to dissolve stones. In addition, laparoscopy can also be preferred for gallbladder removal, one of the necessary surgical operations. Surgery is strictly recommended for gallstones. After diagnosing the disease, our general surgeon will also contact our infection specialist when necessary and will help you by determining the most appropriate treatment method.